Security and Defense

Germany Says No: The Iraq War and the Future of German Foreign and Security Policy

According to Dieter Dettke, Germany’s refusal to participate in the Iraq war signaled a resumption of the country’s willingness to assert itself in global affairs, even in the face of contradictory U.S. desires.

Tread Lightly With Pakistan's <i>Lashkars</i>

(This story originally appeared in the Asia Times on Thursday, July 15.)

Last month, the Taliban blew up a mosque in Pakistan's northwest district of Upper Dir, near the Swat Valley. More than 30 people died. In today's Pakistan, such news is depressingly familiar.

What followed, however, is not.

Op-ed: Security. U.S.-Mexico Cooperation: A New Opportunity?

Americas Quarterly, Summer 2009

The new U.S. administration probably did not expect to focus as much attention on Mexico early in the term, but it is hard to remember a period of such intense activity between the two countries. President Barack Obama has already met with President Felipe Calderón twice. Three U.S. cabinet secretaries, including Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, have traveled to Mexico City, and there have been at least seven congressional trips and a dozen congressional hearings focused on the United States’ southern neighbor.

Challenges From Pakistan

Pakistan has become the supreme challenge for U.S. foreign policy.

The world's sixth-most populous nation with 170 million people, Pakistan seemingly faces crises on all fronts. It shares borders with China, Iran, an unstable Afghanistan and India, its historic rival. This spring, it required a $7.6 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund to stave off bankruptcy.

Obama's AF-PAK Strategy: The Change and the Continuing Challenge

President Obama's AF-PAK strategy largely follows the contours of the familiar comprehensive approach first outlined in the 2006 Afghan Compact, but there are important differences.

Pakistan: Politics and People

Pakistan sits squarely among other strategic giants, flanked by Afghanistan, Iran, India, and China. It is a country desperately trying to modernize, bolster its economy and spur trade, improve education, and address growing energy demands. But threatening Pakistan's and regional stability is a dramatic rise in extremist activities as terrorist groups find refuge in the mountains.

Stalin's Police: Public Order and Mass Repression in the USSR, 1926-1941

Stalin’s Police offers a new interpretation of the mass repressions associated with the Stalinist terror of the late 1930s. This pioneering study traces the development of professional policing from its pre-revolutionary origins through the late 1930s and early 1940s. Paul Hagenloh argues that the policing methods employed in the late 1930s were the culmination of a set of ideologically driven policies dating back to the previous decade.

Cries of Anguish: A Report on Pakistan's FATA

Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), located in the country's volatile northwest, are a hotbed of extremism and militancy. The region is so dangerous that few outsiders—including journalists—can access it, and information about FATA is hard to obtain. Khalid Aziz aims to counter this trend. Speaking at an Asia Program event on April 13, he signaled his desire "to let the world know what's happening" in this troubled area, and "to give a human picture, on a ground level," of how FATA's instability has affected the region's long-suffering people.

Toward a Society under Law: Citizens and Their Police in Latin America

Crime continues to undermine the rule of law and democracy in Latin America. The incidence and severity of crime reduce the community’s trust in police and in government, and many attempts to address the crime problem have stalled. Directly empowering citizens has, however, been a promising avenue for change. Toward a Society under Law focuses on community policing and on police reform.

Sino-Japanese Relations: Interaction, Logic, and Transformation

With the passing of the “friendship generation” and the increase in (mostly negative) societal participation in the late 1980s, the governments of China and Japan have found it increasingly difficult to navigate between the constraints and possibilities in their relationship. Based on ten years’ research in the United States, China, and Japan, this book argues that the relationship is politically now dispute-prone, cyclical, and downward-trending but manageable; militarily uncertain; economically integrating; psychologically closer in people-to-people contact yet more distant.

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