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Security and Defense

Liberia in Transition: A Discussion With the UN Panel on Liberia

On December 12th, the Woodrow Wilson Center's Africa Program joined the Open Society Institute in sponsoring an event to discuss the destabilizing impact of conflict during the 90s and the early years of this decade on Liberia. Members of the UN Panel of Experts on Liberia discussed the impact of Liberia's resources on West Africa's wars, how effective sanctions were in shutting down the conflicts and whether it is time to restore control of the country's natural wealth to the newly elected national government.

Briefing on the Humanitarian Impact of Drought in the Horn of Africa

The Africa Program and the Environmental Change and Security Project at the Wilson Center are pleased to join Islamic Relief in inviting you to a special briefing on recent developments in the humanitarian crisis caused by the ongoing drought and famine in the Horn of Africa. Hany Abdel Gawad El Banna and Seyed Rizwan Mowlana will present the findings of a recent assessment conducted by Islamic Relief in late March, which covered drought-stricken regions of Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Sudan.

Book Discussion: Winning the Oil End Game: Innovations for Profits, Jobs and Security

The United States can and should terminate its reliance on oil within the next few decades while increasing its global economic competitiveness, argued Anthony Lovins, president and CEO of the Rocky Mountain Institute. Presenting the findings of his book, Winning the Oil End Game: Innovations for Profits, Jobs, and Security, Lovins maintained that business-for-profit and military innovations to increase fuel efficiency and to utilize energy alternatives could greatly benefit U.S. security and economic interests.

Why Fighting Crime Can Assist Development in Africa

Antonio Maria Costa, Executive Director, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

Moderator: Howard Wolpe, Director, Africa Program and the Project on Leadership and Building State Capacity

Peacekeeping and Security Issues in West Africa: A West African Perspective

Lamine Cissé, Former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the Republic of Senegal

Moderator: Dane F. Smith, Former Ambassador to Senegal

Sudan: the Peace Process and Beyond

Sudan has been a country continuously embroiled in war since 1983, leading to the deaths and displacements of millions of Sudanese citizens. Fortunately, the Machakos Protocol, signed in July of 2002 between the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) and the government of Sudan, opened the door to peace for the people of Sudan. The Machakos agreement set out to grant the South a referendum on secession after a six-year interim period.

Kenya after Moi

In a roundtable cosponsored by the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Human Rights, renowned Kenyan human rights advocate, Dr. Gibson Kamau Kuria, spoke about the evolution of Kenyan democracy and the country’s human rights environment. Gibson focused on the problems of the newly installed Kibaki government in changing the face of Kenyan politics after the end of the Moi regime.

Kenya – From Moi To Kibaki

Ambassador Johnnie Carson, a senior career American Foreign Service Officer and the most prominent Africanist in the U.S. Department of State, who has just returned from four years in Kenya as the United States envoy to that East African country, told an assemblage of U.S.

The Rwandan Perspectives of the Great Lakes Crisis

A summary of the meeting with Patrick Mazimaka, Rwandan special envoy to the Great Lakes Region; Charles Muligande, Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) secretary-general; and Emmanuel Ndahiro, Rwandan presidential advisor on Security. Cosponsored by the Conflict Prevention and Africa projects of the Woodrow Wilson Center and Search for Common Ground.

Captive in the Congo: A Consul's Return to the Heart of Darkness

Summary of a meeting with Michael P. Hoyt, Former Consul in the Congo.

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