Security and Defense | Wilson Center

Security and Defense

Why Fighting Crime Can Assist Development in Africa

Antonio Maria Costa, Executive Director, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

Moderator: Howard Wolpe, Director, Africa Program and the Project on Leadership and Building State Capacity

Peacekeeping and Security Issues in West Africa: A West African Perspective

Lamine Cissé, Former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the Republic of Senegal

Moderator: Dane F. Smith, Former Ambassador to Senegal

Sudan: the Peace Process and Beyond

Sudan has been a country continuously embroiled in war since 1983, leading to the deaths and displacements of millions of Sudanese citizens. Fortunately, the Machakos Protocol, signed in July of 2002 between the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) and the government of Sudan, opened the door to peace for the people of Sudan. The Machakos agreement set out to grant the South a referendum on secession after a six-year interim period.

Kenya after Moi

In a roundtable cosponsored by the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Human Rights, renowned Kenyan human rights advocate, Dr. Gibson Kamau Kuria, spoke about the evolution of Kenyan democracy and the country’s human rights environment. Gibson focused on the problems of the newly installed Kibaki government in changing the face of Kenyan politics after the end of the Moi regime.

Kenya – From Moi To Kibaki

Ambassador Johnnie Carson, a senior career American Foreign Service Officer and the most prominent Africanist in the U.S. Department of State, who has just returned from four years in Kenya as the United States envoy to that East African country, told an assemblage of U.S.

The Rwandan Perspectives of the Great Lakes Crisis

A summary of the meeting with Patrick Mazimaka, Rwandan special envoy to the Great Lakes Region; Charles Muligande, Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) secretary-general; and Emmanuel Ndahiro, Rwandan presidential advisor on Security. Cosponsored by the Conflict Prevention and Africa projects of the Woodrow Wilson Center and Search for Common Ground.

Captive in the Congo: A Consul's Return to the Heart of Darkness

Summary of a meeting with Michael P. Hoyt, Former Consul in the Congo.

Civilian Harm and Amends in Pakistan: Stories of Struggle and Survival

Since 2001, armed conflict in northwest Pakistan has killed and injured thousands, displaced millions, and destroyed scores of homes and livelihoods. Pakistan's military operations against extremism, U.S. Predator drone strikes, and unrelenting militant violence have all caused civilian harm. On October 14, the Asia Program hosted the release of a new study, published by the Campaign for Innocent Victims in Conflict (CIVIC), which documents civilian losses in Pakistan.

The "Gravest Threat" to Internal Security: India's Maoist Insurgency

Once a modest pro-peasant movement, India's Maoist (Naxalite) insurgency has now become what New Delhi describes as the nation's biggest internal security threat. The campaign has spread to 20 of India's 29 states, and across more than a third of the country's 626 districts, most of them in the impoverished east. On July 15, the Asia Program, with assistance from the Environmental Change and Security Program, hosted an event that examined the insurgency's main drivers, identified its prime tactics and strategies, and considered the best ways to respond.

Defusing the Bomb: Overcoming Pakistan's Population Challenge

This event was organized by the Asia Program and Environmental Change and Security Program, and had additional co-sponsorship from the Comparative Urban Studies Project.

This conference was made possible through the generosity of the Fellowship Fund for Pakistan.