Security and Defense

Brazil Adds a New Class of Submarine to its Navy

The launching of Brazil’s submarine Riachuelo on December 14 marked a new phase in the country’s Navy Submarine Development Program (PROSUB). The event took place at the Naval Complex of Itaguaí, on the Southern coast of Rio da Janeiro state. It was attended by President Michel Temer and President-elect Jair Bolsonaro. The Commander of the Brazilian Navy, Admiral Eduardo Bacellar Leal Ferreira, led the ceremony. The Director General of Nuclear and Technological Development, Admiral Bento Albuquerque, was also present.

The Big Opportunity for U.S.-Pakistan Relations in Afghanistan

In early December, Pakistani officials revealed that U.S. President Donald Trump had sent a letter to Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan asking Islamabad to help Washington launch a peace process to end the war in Afghanistan.

Turbulence Ahead in U.S.-Japan Relations

President Trump and Japanese Prime Minister Abe’s recent meeting in Buenos Aires on the sidelines of the G-20 presented an image of two allies pleased with the progress they had made. The President praised Japan for reducing the bilateral trade deficit and for making significant military acquisitions from the United States.

Ukraine’s State of Martial Law: A Surprise, with Political Undertones


During a November 25–26 night session, the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine (NSDC) agreed to propose that a state of martial law be imposed in Ukraine for 60 days. President Petro Poroshenko immediately supported the proposal and addressed the Verkhovna Rada the next day, offering to make it official.

Diverse Boots on the Ground: EU and NATO Effectiveness

On 10th December 2018, the Wilson Center’s Women in Public Service Project (WPSP), German Marshall Fund (GMF) and Women in International Security (WIIS) jointly organized a discussion of the GMF paper, Raising EU and NATO Effectiveness: The Impact of Diverse Boots on the Ground by Corinna Hoerst, Laura Groenendaal and Gale A. Mattox.

Russia and China’s Frigid Alliance


This article first appeared in Riddle and has been lightly edited for style.


Mounting Security Challenges in Southeastern Ukraine: Fresh Developments in the Sea of Azov and the Donbas


The ongoing military conflict in the Donbas constitutes a major threat to Ukraine’s existence. And the situation is only deteriorating. In recent months, two processes have added to the complexity of the Donbas security challenge: the increasing militarization of the Sea of Azov and the conduct of separatist elections in the noncontrolled communities of the Donbas, which is a step toward local legitimization of an illegal occupation.

Spiraling Tensions in the Sea of Azov

After the Pakistan Policy Symposium: Next Steps

On October 17 and 18, the Asia Program, in partnership with INDUS, convened its Pakistan Policy Symposium—an unprecedented two-day conference, held at the Wilson Center, on the challenges and opportunities for Pakistan in the years ahead.

Japan Accelerates Its Hedging Strategy

It is natural for countries to feel anxious when their security depends on the commitments of an ally. This is why a critical part of American foreign policy since the end of the Second World War has been to reassure its allies in Europe and Asia alike that its commitment to their defense was rock-solid. History has also demonstrated that allies, when less certain about Washington’s security guarantee, begin to look elsewhere.