Urban Studies | Wilson Center

Urban Studies

Access to Urban Land

On September 14, 2006 the Comparative Urban Studies Project hosted a seminar to examine "Access to Urban Land." The first panel discussed challenges facing squatter communities, highlighting lessons learned from community-led innovations. Jockin Arputham, president of the National Slum Dwellers Federation in Mumbai, India described how he became involved in advocacy work for the poor.

<b>Live Webcast:</b> Migration, Economic Development and Urban Inclusion

On May 31st the Comparative Urban Studies Project hosted a seminar to examine the linkages between migration, economic development and urban poverty in African cities. Loren Landau, director of the Forced Migration Studies Program at University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa presented a research paper on the effects of urbanization and international migration on the socio-economic and political composition of cities.

Youth and The City: Comparative Perspectives on Urban Space, Class, and Gender in Recife (Brazil), Hanoi (Vietnam), and Lusaka (Zambia)

Youth, most frequently defined as those between the ages of 15 and 24, comprise a major part of the urban population in rapidly growing cities of the developing world. By 2030, it is estimated that 60 percent of urban dwellers worldwide will be under the age of eighteen. Such rapid urbanization processes pose serious challenges to local governments and urban managers in the developing world, signifying the need to expand attention to youth cohorts.

The Great Society Subway: A History of the Washington Metro

On March 17, 2006 the Comparative Urban Studies Project hosted a book discussion with Zachary M. Schrag, author of "The Great Society Subway: A History of the Washington Metro". Discussant David F. Garrison, Senior Fellow and Deputy Director of the Brookings Greater Washington Research Program commented on Schrag's book, describing it as a thorough description of a long and complicated public policy decision. Below is a summary of Schrag's presentation.

Background

Global Urban Poverty Research Agenda: The African Case

Akin L. Mabogunje, Chairman of the Presidential Technical Board of the Federal Mortgage Bank of Nigeria, presented a paper entitled "Global Urban Poverty Research Agenda: The African Case" at a February 1 seminar organized by the Comparative Urban Studies Project (CUSP). A preliminary copy of the paper is available at the CUSP website.

Global Urban Poverty: Setting the Research Agenda

On December 15, 2005, the Comparative Urban Studies Project (CUSP) hosted a seminar to discuss the challenges facing policy makers and practitioners working to alleviate poverty in urban areas.

Urbanization and Health in Developing World Cities

After fading from the agenda over the past fifteen to twenty years, urban health is recapturing the attention of policy makers and international health advocates worldwide. With rapid rates of urbanization, cities are struggling to provide a host of services and infrastructure for old and new populations alike.

Divided Cities

A.C. Hepburn of the University of Sunderland, U.K. began the conference with an overview of "Contested Cities in the Modern West." He argued that it is important to differentiate between "divided cities" and "contested cities." When a city is divided between two or more ethnic or religious groups, there may be competition over resources or even open hostility between the groups. If the disagreement between the groups encompasses the question of which group should have ownership and political control of the city, the city can be considered contested.

The Role of the City in State Development: Maputo, Mozambique

Although Africa is the least urbanized region in the world, with only 40% of the population living in cities and towns, this rate is expected to rise to over 50% by 2030. With an urbanization rate of 4%, almost twice the rate of Latin America and Asia, the need to confront the challenges of urbanization and promote stable urban development is urgent.

Book Discussion--<i>Beyond Metropolis: The Planning and Governance of Asia's Mega-Urban Regions</i>

Beyond Metropolis studies planning and governance in the regions surrounding the twelve cities in Asia with populations over ten million: Tokyo, Mumbai, Beijing, Karachi, Metro Manila, and Seoul. These regions are greater than cities plus suburbs: for almost all, development has sprawled into the surrounding countryside, enveloping villages, towns, and small and medium sized cities, creating "extended metropolitan regions."

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