U.S. Foreign Policy

Security By Other Means: Foreign Assistance, Global Poverty, and American Leadership

The calls for a more effective U.S. foreign assistance framework have been deafening lately. Although official foreign aid has increased substantially over the last five years, its fragmented organization and lack of clear strategic objectives have come under fire. Many prominent voices in the development community argue that substantial reform is needed to effectively alleviate poverty, strengthen security, and increase trade and investment in developing countries (e.g., Sewell, 2007, Sewell & Bencala 2008; Patrick, 2006; Desai, 2007).

U.S. Population Policy Since the Cairo Conference

The International Conference on Population and Development, held in Cairo in September 1994, forged a broad new consensus on the international community’s approach to population issues. Over three years after the conference, it is timely to explore the U.S. response to the conference and to the challenges posed by the new consensus.

ECSP Report 4: Event Summaries

Event summaries from meetings sponsored by the Environmental Change and Security Program between May and December 1997:

Environment in the U.S. Security Debate: The Case of the Missing Arctic Waters

As also occurs with global warming or Russia’s transition to “democracy,” the U.S. move towards an increasingly extended security praxis is accompanied by uncertainty as well as complexity. Indeed, the whole project has a futuristic air, insofar as it is a purposive venture.

Demographic Change and Ecological Security

Environmental concerns are now becoming an integral part of U.S. foreign policy, but within academic and policy circles there is an ongoing debate over the role that environmental stress plays in creating security threats. An argument is made here for moving beyond environmentalism and using an ecological security perspective to inform foreign policy planning and future defense allocations. Ecological security rests on maintaining four kinds of equilibrium between human beings and the physical environment.

ECSP Report 3: Special Reports

This section highlights the work of various organizations on issues of environmental change and security. This issue includes reports from Ecologic - Centre for International and European Environmental Research, the Master of Science in Foreign Service Program at Georgetown University, and the Natural Heritage Institute.

ECSP Report 2: Feature Articles

In the 1996 issue of ECSP's annual report, Miriam R. Lowi writes about water disputes in the Middle East, while Dennis Pirages explores "microsecurity". Also in this issue: a look at overseas contamination by the military; an action plan for population, development, and environment; and Thomas Homer-Dixon's findings from a project on environment, population, and security.


PECS News Issue 6 (Spring 2002)

PECS News Issue 6 contents include:

The Road to Johannesburg: Setting the Agenda for the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Event Summary)

Does Population Matter? New Research on Population Change and Economic Development (Event Summary)

U.S. Foreign Policy and Global Health: Addressing Issues of Humanitarian Aid and Political Instability (Event Summary)

Supporting Livelihood and Food Security in Coastal Philippine Communities through Population-Environment Programming - Robert Layng

Climate Change Politics in North America: The State of Play

This report contains papers from a two-day conference on Climate Change Politics in North America, organized at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, May 18-19, 2006. The conference papers and participants endeavored to critically examine key aspects and issues of North American politics and policymaking related to climate change. Edited By Henrik Selin and Stacy D. VanDeveer.

George W. Bush and Asia: A Midterm Assessment

The midpoint of George W. Bush's presidential term offers an opportune moment to take stock of the administration's Asia policy. This Asia Program report contains essays by policymakers, scholars and Asia analysts, including a contribution from Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs James A. Kelly. Collectively, these essays identify themes and patterns that provide insights into Bush's Asia policies and begin the task of placing the administration's policies into broader perspective. Click on the attachment for a free PDF version.