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National Security

The U.S., Hamas, and the Pursuit of Israeli-Palestinian Peace

Miller began the discussion by highlighting that one of the primary difficulties of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process is dealing with a divided and dysfunctional Palestinian movement. He indicated it was critical that the Obama administration has made Israeli-Palestinian peace a top priority, including Obama's appointment of George Mitchell as special envoy to the Middle East. Even with a focus on peace negotiations, however, Miller pointed out that there are no good policy options with regard to dealing with the Hamas-Fatah rift, only a choice between bad and worse ones.

Americans at Risk: The Growing Threat of Natural Disasters and What We Can Do about It

Do individuals in the United States have a fundamental right to put themselves, their families, and their communities in harm's way, and to do so repeatedly? At what point should the federal government declare that it will no longer permit or at least will not encourage such actions?

Foreign Policy Challenges in the 112th Congress: Development and Security

In the second session of a Wilson Center on the Hill two part series on Foreign Policy Challenges facing the 112th Congress, panelists examined the policy issues affecting the developing world, including U.S. development policy, U.S. nuclear policy, and climate and conflict resolution.

Foreign Policy Challenges in 2010: The Islamic Crescent

Robert M. Hathaway, Director, Asia Program; Aaron David Miller, Public Policy Scholar and Former Middle East Analyst, Negotiator, and Advisor, U.S. Department of State; Barbara Slavin, Former Fellow and Author, Bitter Friends, Bosom Enemies: Iran, the U.S. and the Twisted Path to Confrontation; and Robert Litwak, Director, International Security Studies. Moderated by: Michael Van Dusen, Executive Vice President.

Population in Defense Policy Planning

U.S. defense policymakers should watch four demographic trends, says Jennifer Dabbs Sciubba: youthful populations, changes in military personnel, international migration, and urbanization. "The military does not always have the tools to address these population and development issues, but by drawing on a wider community for support, they lessen the chances that they will have to deal with the consequences," she says.

The Greening of the U.S. Military: Environmental Policy, National Security, and Organizational Change

The Greening of the U.S. Military: Environmental Policy, National Security, and Organizational Change is a carefully constructed and well-organized account of the regulation of environmental issues within the Department of Defense (DoD) and the armed services. Author Robert F. Durant recounts and analyzes the organizational changes that took place as the defense establishment moved to comply with significant parts of the environmental regulatory framework that governs civil enterprises.

Security By Other Means: Foreign Assistance, Global Poverty, and American Leadership

The calls for a more effective U.S. foreign assistance framework have been deafening lately. Although official foreign aid has increased substantially over the last five years, its fragmented organization and lack of clear strategic objectives have come under fire. Many prominent voices in the development community argue that substantial reform is needed to effectively alleviate poverty, strengthen security, and increase trade and investment in developing countries (e.g., Sewell, 2007, Sewell & Bencala 2008; Patrick, 2006; Desai, 2007).

Too Poor for Peace? Global Poverty, Conflict, and Security in the 21st Century

Five years ago, the World Bank published Breaking the Conflict Trap, a groundbreaking book identifying intrastate war as a critical barrier to poverty eradication in a large cohort of developing countries (Collier et al., 2003). Too Poor for Peace? Global Poverty, Conflict, and Security in the 21st Century picks up where Paul Collier and his colleagues left off, this time focusing on the impact of poverty on violent conflict. The book’s broad thesis is that alleviating poverty in the 21st century is not only a moral but also a security imperative.

ECSP Report 11: Reviews of New Publications

Experts review new publications:

Commentary: Should Global Poverty be a U.S. National Security Issue? (Part 1)

ECSP invited analysts to address whether global poverty should and can be a U.S. national security issue. Is poverty alleviation crucial to national and global security—and if so, which policies should be highlighted? Or would “securitizing” such efforts weaken both the drive against poverty and the drive for security? And can poverty be linked to anti-terrorism efforts? The commentaries below provide an excellent and overdue entrée into these debates. Commentaries by Vincent Ferraro, Carol Lancaster and Per Pinstrup Andersen.

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