Water

Harnessing the Waters: Nature Conquest in China's Past and Present

Perhaps no other issue in China today receives more news media attention than construction of the Three Gorges Dam. On billboards and in state-run media, the Chinese government trumpets the dam as a sign of the country's ability to achieve advanced engineering feats on par with the West; while concerned scientists, scholars, and activists around the world condemn the project as an ecological and social catastrophe. On 1 June 2003, the dam's reservoir officially began to take water.

Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor: The Orangi Pilot Project in Karachi, Pakistan and Density & Urban Form in Dakar, Senegal

According to the United Nations, over one billion people lack access to clean water and over two billion have no access to sanitation, the primary cause of diseases like cholera that take the lives of more than 6,000 children in poor countries every day. This seminar will examine the Orangi Pilot Project (OPP) in Karachi, Pakistan. The OPP was established in 1980 with the purpose of overcoming the constraints faced by the government in regularizing and improving katchi abadis (squatter settlements on government land). Dr.

Water and Sanitation Services for the Urban Poor

Gordon McGranahan, head of the Human Settlements Group, International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), discussed the importance of local and community engagement in the provision of water and sanitation services for the urban poor. Although the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) bring important attention to the problems of unserved urban populations, the international framework for monitoring has produced statistics that are meaningless and often misleading. What is needed, McGranahan argued, are statistics that drive local action and monitor local progress.

About

Since 1994, the Environmental Change and Security Program (ECSP) has actively pursued the connections between the environment, health, population, development, conflict, and security. ECSP brings together scholars, policymakers, media, and practitioners through events, research, publications, multimedia content, and our award-winning blog, New Security Beat.

ECSP currently has three primary focus areas:

Helping Hands: An Integrated Approach

At the moment, the agendas of the growing population of people and the environment are too separate. People are thinking about one or the other," said Sir John Sulston, Nobel laureate and chair of the Institute for Science, Ethics, and Innovation at the University of Manchester, in an interview with the Environmental Change & Security Program(ECSP).

"People argue about, ‘Should we consume less or should we have fewer people?' The point is it's both. We need to draw it together. It's people and their activities."

Yemen Beyond the Headlines: Population, Health, Natural Resources, and Institutions

"Ultimately, whether Yemen is able to achieve its goals for social and economic development, will, to a large extent, depend on its future population growth and size," said Gary Cook, senior health advisor at the U.S. Agency for International Development, in his opening address at the Woodrow Wilson Center's all-day conference, "Yemen Behind the Headlines: Population, Health, Natural Resources, and Institutions."

Panel I: Population and Development Challenges

Managing the Planet's Freshwater

"The impact of human activities on the planet and on its biology has risen to a scale that deserves a commensurate response," said Tom Lovejoy, professor at George Mason University, introducing a discussion on "Managing the Planet's Freshwater," the second of a monthly series led jointly by George Mason University and the Woodrow Wilson Center. Karin M.

Changing Glaciers and Hydrology in Asia: Developing a Blueprint for Addressing Glacier Melt in the Region

"Glacier melt is part of larger hydrologic and climate systems, so effective programs will be cross-sectoral and yield co-benefits," said Elizabeth L. Malone, senior research scientist at the Joint Global Change Research Institute and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, speaking at the Wilson Center on November 16.

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