Toward the end of World War II, scholars and writers stressed the unity of humankind, but by the early 1970s, dominant voices proclaimed ongoing diversity—sometimes irreconcilable antagonism—among human cultures. To study this transition from universalism to cultural particularism, Richard King focuses on the major thinkers, movements, and traditions of thought, attempting to construct an intellectual history.
Crucial Needs, Weak Incentives: Social Sector Reform, Democratization, and Globalization in Latin America
Crucial Needs, Weak Incentives studies the politics of efforts to reform education and health services in Latin America in the 1990s. Both sectors were common targets of reform, but both sectors also have large numbers of unionized public employees, whose presence affects patronage as well as political power.
Reasonable Men, Powerful Words traces the development of political culture in twentieth-century Japan through a social and intellectual biography of six Japanese economists who influenced national political life in significant ways.
Russia's Lost Reformation: Peasants, Millennialism, and Radical Sects in Southern Russia and Ukraine, 1830-1917Author(s)
Radical Protestant Christianity became widespread in rural southern Russia and Ukraine in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Russia’s Lost Reformation studies the theology and practices of these radicals and their contribution to an alternative culture in the region.
W. Elliot Brownlee describes the five principal stages of federal taxation in relation to the crises that led to their adoption—the formation of the republic, the Civil War, World War I, the Great Depression, and World War II—with a new chapter focusing on the tax policies of the George W. Bush administration.
Through anthropology, political science, and other disciplines, the contributors examine women’s role in post-Soviet nation-building, rural household economies, and democratization and civic activism.
Decentralization, Democratic Governance, and Civil Society in Comparative Perspective: Africa, Asia, and Latin America
Decentralization, Democratic Governance, and Civil Society in Comparative Perspective surveys a range of issues in decentralization: which actors in each country have been most responsible for decentralization, how much decentralization has transformed the state; and whether stronger local governments produce greater accountability to citizens.
As we move further into a new century, the two most populous nations on earth, China and India, continue a long and tangled relationship. This volume brings together scholars from political science, history, economics, international relations, and security studies to add depth to our understanding of India-China relations.
In the turbulent decade since the collapse of the Soviet Union, conditions have worsened considerably for many Russians, and a wide-ranging debate has raged over the nature and destiny of their country. In Russia in Search of Itself, James H. Billington examines the efforts of a proud but troubled nation to find a post-Soviet identity.
Reforming the Tsar's Army: Military Innovation in Imperial Russia from Peter the Great to the Revolution
From Peter the Great to Nicholas II, Russian rulers always understood the need to maintain an army and navy capable of preserving the empire’s great power status. This volume examines how Imperial Russia’s armed forces sought to adapt to the challenges of modern warfare.