Latin American Program Director Cynthia Arnson discusses Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos’ first public event hosted by the Woodrow Wilson Center.
Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding
Over the course of more than a generation of vibrant and mostly uninterrupted electoral democracy, Latin American governments have done almost nothing to address the region's extreme levels of inequality. On the spending side, what little has been done has been quite innovative, and this has brought new attention to redistribution through programs such as conditional cash transfers and universal noncontributory pensions. This book,which represents the culmination of LAP's three-year project on the politics of progressive taxation in Latin America, investigates how progressive tax reforms take place and emphasizes factors that are within the control of policymakers.
As a major exporter of oil and petroleum products, Colombia has suffered along with other oil-producing countries from the dramatic decline in oil prices. At the same time, Colombia has faced challenges to its oil industry that are unique in light of decades of internal armed conflict. Since the mid-1980s, guerrillas of the ELN and FARC have relentlessly attacked oil installations and personnel through kidnappings, extortion, and sabotage of oil pipelines. The economic and environmental impact of these attacks is estimated to be in the billions of dollars. As the Colombian government moves closer to signing a final peace agreement with guerrillas of the FARC, what will be the effect on the oil and gas industry?
Reaching Across the Pacific: Latin America and Asia in the New Century focuses on the benefits and trade-offs for Latin America’s long-term development goals of the growing density of ties with the Asia-Pacific region. It includes regional overviews and case studies of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru. The book also explores what a Latin American strategy of “globalization as Asianization” means for the United States, and how integration schemes such as the Pacific Alliance and the Trans-Pacific Partnership can potentially strengthen economic, security, and geopolitical arrangements that sustain a liberal trading order.