Latin American Program Director Cynthia Arnson discusses Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos’ first public event hosted by the Woodrow Wilson Center.
Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding
Over the course of more than a generation of vibrant and mostly uninterrupted electoral democracy, Latin American governments have done almost nothing to address the region's extreme levels of inequality. On the spending side, what little has been done has been quite innovative, and this has brought new attention to redistribution through programs such as conditional cash transfers and universal noncontributory pensions. This book,which represents the culmination of LAP's three-year project on the politics of progressive taxation in Latin America, investigates how progressive tax reforms take place and emphasizes factors that are within the control of policymakers.
It appears increasingly certain that the Colombian government will sign a peace agreement with guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) in 2016. The oil and gas industry is widely expected to be among the sectors to most benefit from the end of 50 years of armed conflict. The industry has been immersed in country’s armed conflict since the mid-1980s, when guerrillas of the National Liberation Army (ELN), and subsequently the FARC, declared oil installations and personnel “legitimate” military targets, resulting in kidnappings, extortion, and attacks against pipelines. With the advent of peace, it is expected that oil development may flourish unimpeded and transform Colombia into a major player in the hydrocarbons industry. This report commissioned by the Latin American Program identified challenges to this view.
Reaching Across the Pacific: Latin America and Asia in the New Century focuses on the benefits and trade-offs for Latin America’s long-term development goals of the growing density of ties with the Asia-Pacific region. It includes regional overviews and case studies of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru. The book also explores what a Latin American strategy of “globalization as Asianization” means for the United States, and how integration schemes such as the Pacific Alliance and the Trans-Pacific Partnership can potentially strengthen economic, security, and geopolitical arrangements that sustain a liberal trading order.