Throughout much of Latin America, the "golden years" of economic growth during the last decade's commodity boom have given way to economic decline or stagnation. At the same time, a mobilized citizenry is demanding better government performance. These two factors have focused unprecedented attention on rule of law deficits and official corruption. Meanwhile, relations among countries of the hemisphere have grown more complex. As much as the region has welcomed the normalization of U.S.-Cuban relations, the options for international insertion now extend far beyond the Western Hemisphere.
Economics and Globalization
Over the course of more than a generation of vibrant and mostly uninterrupted electoral democracy, Latin American governments have done almost nothing to address the region's extreme levels of inequality. On the spending side, what little has been done has been quite innovative, and this has brought new attention to redistribution through programs such as conditional cash transfers and universal noncontributory pensions. This book,which represents the culmination of LAP's three-year project on the politics of progressive taxation in Latin America, investigates how progressive tax reforms take place and emphasizes factors that are within the control of policymakers.
The most recent illicit-crop survey in Colombia reported an upsurge of 44 percent from 2013 to 2014 in the number of hectares under cultivation, which interrupts the downward trend that had been seen since 2008. Juan Carlos Garzón, Latin American Program Global Fellow, and Julián Wilches, Former Director of Counter-Drug Policy at Colombia’s Ministry of Justice and Law, examine five hypotheses that could account for the recent increase in coca under cultivation. Has the current anti-drug strategy reached its limit?
Reaching Across the Pacific: Latin America and Asia in the New Century focuses on the benefits and trade-offs for Latin America’s long-term development goals of the growing density of ties with the Asia-Pacific region. It includes regional overviews and case studies of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru. The book also explores what a Latin American strategy of “globalization as Asianization” means for the United States, and how integration schemes such as the Pacific Alliance and the Trans-Pacific Partnership can potentially strengthen economic, security, and geopolitical arrangements that sustain a liberal trading order.