Building on the Smart Border Agreement of 2002, President Obama and then President Calderon launched the 21st Century Border initiative in 2010, which was reaffirmed by President Obama and President Peña Nieto in May, 2013. The concept of a 21st Century Border asserts that not only can security and efficiency at the border coexist, but that a robust, multifaceted border management strategy can simultaneously improve security, efficiency, environmental sustainability and the quality of life of residents of the border region. It is within this framework, then, that there exists the opportunity to realize the full potential of a U.S.-Mexico partnership for a secure and competitive border.