English; May, 2004
Africa's role in the drug trafficking industry is a strong testament to the interplay of supply and demand market expansion, to the hybridization of transnational organized crime syndicates, as well as to the need for a paradigm shift in domestic, regional and international approaches to drug trafficking interdiction. On May 28, 2009, the Africa Program of the Woodrow Wilson Center convened a conference to assess the situation of international drug trafficking and the increasingly important role that Africa plays.
On April 21, 2004, His Excellency Paul Kagame, President of Rwanda, reflected on the tenth anniversary of the tragic genocide in Rwanda. He discussed the root causes of the genocide, the international reaction to the crisis, and the measures that he and his country have been taking to rebuild Rwanda. His presentation was part of Remembering Rwanda, a commemoration of the tenth anniversary of the genocide. The program was co-sponsored by the Africa Program, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the United States Institute of Peace.
In November 2006, The Initiative for Inclusive Security convened a diverse group of 50 women leaders from the governments of National Unity and Southern Sudan as well as civil society for a consultation on increasing women's participation in the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. This was presented at the Wilson Center on December 6, 2006.
Presentations made at a conference held at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars on March 21, 2007.
These policy recommendations were drafted by a delegation of 16 Sudanese women peacebuilders during seven days of meetings in New York and Washington, DC, sponsored by Women Waging Peace. The Wilson Center joined Women Waging Peace in sponsoring events in Washington. Full coverage of this conference is available from the Women Waging Peace site.
Sudan faces multiple crises. The CPA, which ended the southern conflict, has not been fully implemented. International support has been patchy. Demarcation of the North/South border has again been postponed. Preparations for the southern and Abyei referenda, due to be held in January, are well behind schedule, as are the popular consultations in Blue Nile and South Kordofan, where state elections have been put off until November. Inter-tribal conflict troubles the South.
U.S. policy is dictated by global political and economic realities as well as domestic U.S. policy priorities. Not only is President Obama faced with the stark reality of an America perceived by many to have lost its moral compass in an increasingly multi-polar world where American power and resource capacities are dwindling and its leadership role being challenged, but the priorities of policy and resource allocation must remain for the short and near-terms on the domestic economic crisis, the two unpopular wars he has inherited and traditional national interest priorities. In the realm of foreign affairs, this means that Europe, Russia, the Middle East, Japan and China will continue to be the highest priorities and, as the developing world intersects with those policy priorities, it will be mostly in the form of India, Brazil, and, perhaps, South Africa.
Rethinking the Economics of War: The Intersection of Need, Creed, and Greed questions the adequacy of explaining today's internal armed conflicts purely in terms of economic factors and reestablishes the importance of identity and grievances in creating and sustaining such wars. This collection of essays responds to current works asserting that the income from natural resources is the end and not just a means for warring rebel groups. The study puts greed in its place and restores the importance of deprivation and discrimination as the primary causes of armed conflict within states. Countries studied include Lebanon, Sierra Leone, Angola, the Republic of the Congo, Colombia, and Afghanistan. More about this title can be found on the Wilson Center Press website.