The Brazilian Proposal to Renounce Peaceful Nuclear Explosions and the Argentine Response (1983-1985)Jul 31, 2013
In early 1980's, Argentina and Brazil—both ruled by military dictatorships—were making significant advances in nuclear technology while undergoing radical domestic political transformations, which ultimately led to democratization in both Argentina in 1983 and Brazil in 1985.
Latin American Populism in the Twenty-first Century explains the emergence of today’s radical populism and places it in historical context, identifying continuities as well as differences from both the classical populism of the 1930s and 1940s and the neo-populism of the 1990s.
From the Indian Bomb to the Establishment of the First Brazil-Argentina Nuclear Agreement (1974-1980)Jul 24, 2013
India’s first nuclear explosive test in May 1974 had deep consequences for the nuclear non-proliferation regime. The establishment of the Nuclear Suppliers Group in 1975 added to the safeguards requirements that were imposed on countries seeking nuclear technology—even those that were outside the NPT. This tightening of the nuclear technology transfer regime as a result of India’s 1974 test would have a considerable effect on the Brazilian and Argentine programs.
Brazil clandestinely purchased crucial materials and know-how in the nuclear black market and proliferating countries such as China. But Brazil was also on the giving end of international nuclear cooperation. Specifically, new documents and interviews confirm that cooperation with Iraq was more extensive than previously acknowledged by officials.
With the aim of creating effective nuclear cooperation with Buenos Aires, Brazilian President Arthur da Costa e Silva approved the “start of preliminary conversations with a view to putting into motion the formal negotiating process for the future signature with Argentina of an Agreement on Cooperation for Nuclear Development with Peaceful Purposes.”
This dossier deals with a little known episode in the history of Brazil’s nuclear program: South Africa’s attempt to cooperate with Brazil.
Vito Tanzi's keynote speech at our taxation event on December 11, 2013.
In the Second Brazilian Congressional Study Mission on Innovation, a group of Brazilian congressmen and senators visited to Europe to learn about innovation policies.
China was exporting nuclear materials to Third World countries without safeguards beginning in the early 1980s, and may have given Pakistan weapons design information in the early years of its clandestine program, according to recently declassified CIA records.
The paper provides an overview of the recent literature about the impact of taxation on inequality in the region, reviewing the major conclusions of recent empirical work and comparing Latin America to other regions of the world.