While Canada’s HDI has long been one of the highest in the world, Nunavut ranks alongside Occupied Palestine and Paraguay with respect to health and educational outcomes. With their stunning recent election victory over the Conservatives, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s new Liberal government may now have the chance to change that. Prime Minister Trudeau has already sent a strong signal by appointing Nunavut MP Hunter Tootoo as Minister of Fisheries and Oceans. He should now direct his government to take the necessary steps to make Nunavut a full partner in Canadian Confederation.
Mexico is at a critical juncture. The record shows that the first wave of reforms that began 30 years ago failed to deliver the desired boost to economic growth and competitiveness. The reforms now underway promise even bigger changes for the economy, particularly by opening up the long closed petroleum industry. This study offers a qualitative analysis of the deep economic reforms undertaken in Mexico during the past 30 years, the progress made and informed opinions on what is needed today to boost economic growth, enhance competitiveness and, hopefully, increase employment.
Anne-Marie Brady argues that partnering with China in the Arctic, where possible, and developing an in-depth knowledge of China's Arctic interests and objectives will strengthen the United States' ability to give meaning to the development of a "new type of great power relationship." Furthermore, China should be encouraged to make a formal statement on its Arctic policy and interests, embracing transparency.
Rob Huebert recommends that Canada and the United States should continue communicating with one another on matters related to Arctic sovereignty to avoid political misunderstandings and ensure proper surveillance and enforcement capabilities continue. Also, that Canada must ensure it meets NORAD, and the United States’, expectations in the Arctic, while providing the resources it needs to expand its our Arctic domain awareness. Canada will also need to balance its commitment to the Arctic Council with its commitment to its own foreign policy and to NATO, specifically as relates to the situation in Ukraine.
Two decades ago, Canada, Mexico, and the United States created a continental economy through the North American Free Trade Agreement. Using unpublished official Mexican documents, this paper sheds light on the negotiation process and draws important lessons for the future of North America.
The outlook for North American energy is bright, and the transformation in the regional energy paradigm has been dramatic. However, to achieve the full potential of this newly discovered regional energy wealth, it will be necessary to more fully integrate the three countries' energy markets. This paper argues that, in order to make North American energy independence a reality, there are several main areas that require attention from the three governments, working together, to make the transition to an integrated North American energy system.
This joint China Environment Forum (CEF) and the Canada Institute research brief is published as part of CEF’s Cooperative Competitors project, which examines promising areas of clean energy and climate collaboration between the United States and China.
Canada generates a majority of its electricity from hydropower and is a global leader in hydroelectricity production. As a result, Canada is positioned to provide a secure and renewable source of electricity in response to increasing domestic demand for clean energy in the United States.
Even with the world's longest peaceful border and advanced mapping capabilities, Canada and the United States disagree about where their Arctic border begins and ends, specifically in the Beaufort Sea.