China Mainland Publications
The long-standing disputes over territory and maritime resources in the South China Sea have rapidly escalated, with China's claim over 90% of the territory overlapping with the claims of the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, and Brunei.
Author Anton Harder examines the controversy surrounding India's role in the United Nations Security Council in the 1950s. Using Indian archival material from the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, this paper shows that America's interest in seeing India join the Security Council was motivated by the emergence of the People's Republic of China as a regional power, and that this episode was an early example of the United States attempting to use the United Nations to further its own Cold War interests.
The water-energy-food choke point is forcing a new reckoning. Three colliding trends—declining freshwater reserves, booming energy demand, and uncertain grain supplies—are disrupting economies, governments, and environments around the world. As the world’s most populous country and biggest energy consumer, China’s energy, food, and environmental security is threatened as it hits these choke points. How Chinese policymakers deal with these water-energy-food confrontations will have significant domestic and global consequences.
The European Union, through a series of collaborative projects, has built a relationship of trust with China regarding civilian uses of space. The United States, however, has withheld cooperation with China on space technology, and the U.S.-Chinese relationship has been characterized by mistrust. The transatlantic allies should create avenues for U.S.-European dialogue about China and space, and should also work on joint projects to establish standards for uses of space that all three parties can respect.
The onset of the Algerian War of Independence in November 1954 was an important development in the international history of the Cold War. Coming as it did on the heels of the end of the First Indochinese War, the Algerian conflict further emboldened national liberation forces throughout the colonial and semi-colonial world, a region of increasing importance to policymakers in Washington and Moscow. Pierre Asselin introduces documents from the Algerian National Archives on socialist bloc support for Algerian National Liberation Front.
According to the International Monetary Fund, early in December 2014 China’s economy surpassed that of the United States, which had led the world since the late nineteenth century. Meanwhile, the United States experienced large trade deficits and an eroding industrial base. To respond, the United States must promote fair international trade rules and embrace domestic policies for public and private growth.
Remarks by Dr. Peng Yuan, Ambassador Chas W. Freeman Jr., Dr. Inés Bustillo, and Joao Castro Neves, from the 2011 event of the same name.
Niu Jun introduces translations of thirty-five documents from the now closed Chinese Foreign Ministry Archive. The documents demonstrate the decisive role played by Sino-Soviet relation in shaping China-Eastern European relations and reflect the re-radicalization of Chinese foreign policy in the early 1960s.
This joint China Environment Forum (CEF) and the Canada Institute research brief is published as part of CEF’s Cooperative Competitors project, which examines promising areas of clean energy and climate collaboration between the United States and China.
Kyungwon Choi introduces four documents which were recently obtained from the Diplomatic Archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan on Japan’s relations with, and the regional dynamics surrounding, the Korean Peninsula in 1975.