Cold War Publications | Wilson Center

Cold War Publications

"Is the Possibility of a Third World War Real?" Researching Nuclear Ukraine in the KGB Archive

Mar 18, 2019
The archive of the Ukrainian KGB is open and full of former Soviet nuclear secrets. Nate Jones presents new evidence drawn from KGB documents and other eastern and western sources to examine Ukrainian and Soviet nuclear history.

The Origins of North Korea-Vietnam Solidarity: The Vietnam War and the DPRK

Feb 21, 2019
Drawing on diverse sources from around the world, Benjamin R. Young argues that Kim Il Sung inserted North Korea into the Vietnam War in order to strengthen his own international reputation and to consolidate his domestic control.

New Russian Evidence on Soviet-Cuban Relations, 1960-61: When Nikita Met Fidel, the Bay of Pigs, and Assassination Plotting

Feb 06, 2019
The forging of the Soviet-Cuban alliance in the years after Fidel Castro’s revolution took power in January 1959, in sync with a deepening split between Washington and Havana, was one of the tectonic developments of the Cold War. Much evidence has emerged, especially on the Soviet side, on relations between the two communist countries and their charismatic leaders, Castro and Nikita Khrushchev, climaxing with the October 1962 missile crisis.

The British Royal Air Force: Operations over Laos against the Ho Chi Minh Trail, 1962

Dec 14, 2018
Inconclusive rumors that the British Royal Air Force (RAF) flew occasional covert missions in the Vietnam War have circulated for decades, but so far evidence that British aircraft provided anything more than humanitarian relief services, notably by delivering supplies earmarked for refugees, has proved elusive. It seems, however, that in the second half of 1962, in great secrecy a series of such flights took place. These missions were intended to assist with newly initiated US attempts to interdict and shut down the increasingly effective Ho Chi Minh Trail logistical network of roads, paths, and bunkers that transported supplies from communist North Vietnam via Cambodia and Laos to supporters in South Vietnam.

The Chinese Communist Party’s Relationship with the Khmer Rouge in the 1970s: An Ideological Victory and a Strategic Failure

Dec 13, 2018
Utilizing untapped Chinese primary sources, including official documents, the biographies and memoirs of the CCP cadres involved in managing the relationship with the Khmer Rouge, and in particular the memoirs of ethnic Chinese in Cambodia, this paper argues that, under Mao Zedong, the Chinese Communist Party's policies towards the Khmer Rouge were subordinate to Mao’s political needs and shaped primarily by his efforts to safeguard the Cultural Revolution. But in the end, Mao’s “ideological victory” translated into a strategic failure for China’s post-Mao leadership.

Pointing to the Emerging Soviet Dead Ends: NATO Analysis of the Soviet Economy, 1971-1982

Oct 11, 2018
Each of the two Cold War worlds claimed that it represented the best answer to the problems of modernity. Their records in the fields of development, growth rates, Gross National Product or Net Material Product, consumption, and per capita income significantly affected the dynamics of the Cold War conflict. Economic success was thus a major component of Cold War arsenals. By the 1960s, when the immediate needs of postwar reconstruction had been met, a more elaborate international economy started to emerge, in which trade, credits, financial and monetary affairs, as well as indebtedness, the efficient use of resources, and the raising of the standard of living in the more demanding societies of both East and West played an increasingly important role.

Austria, German Unification, and European Integration: A Brief Historical Background

Mar 27, 2018
In order to understand Austria’s role in the dissolution of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and the country’s position toward German Unification, one needs to analyze the events of 1989-1990 against a broader historical background.

China’s Policy of Conciliation and Reduction and its Impact on Boundary Negotiations and Settlements in the Early 1960s

Dec 08, 2017
Eric Hyer embeds the boundary negotiations between China and India within China’s broader strategic concerns in the early 1960s and in comparison to Beijing’s efforts to achieve boundary settlements with other neighbors in South Asia.

Japan’s Foreign Policy toward Korean Peninsula in the Détente Era: An Attempt at Multilayered Policy

Nov 20, 2017
Choi Kyungwon explores Japan's evolving policies toward North and South Korea in the wake of Richard Nixon's opening to China in 1972.