Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding Publications
The Saudi-led Arab coalition fight to defeat Iranian-backed Houthi rebels who took over Yemen early this year has turned into a bloody and costly quagmire. After nine months of fighting, the two sides have reached a military stalemate. Under strong U.S. and international pressure, Saudi Arabia and its Yemeni allies began holding talks on December 15 under U.N. auspices with their Houthi enemies at a secret location in Switzerland to explore a way out of their impasse.
Across the Lines of Conflict presents peacebuilding initiatives that use interactive conflict resolution techniques. Through a comparative analysis of six case studies, the authors assess the successes and failures of this particular approach to conflict resolution, and draw conclusions about the conditions under which such interactive approaches work.
The collapse of central authority in both Syria and Iraq, coupled with the rise of a growing number of non-state actors, has given rise to much speculation about the future of the Levant and the end of at least some of the states formed after World War I. The first of a long series of agreements that defined the post-Ottoman Levant was one reached by a British and a French diplomat, Mark Sykes and Francois Georges-Picot, in 1916. The “end of Sykes-Picot” has become the short hand for speculation about a possible reconfiguration of the states of the Levant.
The civil war in South Sudan, characterized by ongoing violence and broken ceasefires, is, for the moment, paused by a tenuous peace agreement. To make it stick, the need for regional mediation and international pressure is greater than ever. In this policy brief, Southern Voices Network Scholar Getachew Zeru Gebrekidan, examines the key role IGAD--a regional group composed of Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, and Uganda--has played in the peace process and recommends greater coordination between IGAD, the U.S., and other key international stakeholders and deeper engagement in the peace process.
Despite the ongoing conflict in Yemen, civil society organizations (CSOs) inside the country have significant capacity not only to mitigate the civil war but also to assist in rebuilding once the conflict is over. For historical reasons CSOs in Yemen have more space to monitor developments, advocate for greater accountability, and help the country grow and prosper..
Marlene Laruelle argues that the United States should engage more in the Arctic as a means of establishing cooperation patterns with Russia after the Ukraine crisis. Furthermore, priority should be given to join projects and information sharing, and Russia should be supported in its efforts to open and securitize the Northern Sea Route.
Jan H. Kalicki analyzes the central role energy plays in the crisis in Ukraine, and the role it will continue to play for both Ukraine and Russia.
This paper paper examines the security situation in the state of Guerrero, including the operation of drug trafficking organizations, and proposes possible solutions to the security crisis. This paper is a continuation of the series "Building Resilient Communities in Mexico: Civic Responses to Crime and Violence."
Kateryna Smagliy, Director of Kennan Institute in Ukraine, examines the developing humanitarian crisis in the Donbas region.