Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding Publications
Event summaries from meetings sponsored by the Environmental Change and Security Program between August 2000 and June 2001.
Paper contribution to January 2010 seminar on environmental peacebuilding.
An upcoming ECSP publication—based on a conference held in September 2005 at the Wilson Center—will explore the rhetoric and reality of peace parks, including their goals and the factors that determine their success or failure.
Includes feature articles, a debate about environment and security scholarship, and excerpts from official statements and documents.
From 1970-2000, "only 13 percent of countries with a very young age structure had fully democratic governments, compared with 83 percent of countries with a mature age structure," says Elizabeth Leahy, who compares age structure to conflict in Nigeria, Ethiopia, Iran, and Pakistan.
The book’s broad thesis is that alleviating poverty in the 21st century is not only a moral but also a security imperative.
Below are excerpts from recent official statements in which environment and population issues are prominently cited in the context of security and national interests.
October 2004 - The situation in the southern Balkans had generally been seen to be improving in 2003, with some institutional progress in Kosovo, the gradual implementation of the Ohrid Accords in Macedonia and activity on European Union (EU) accession in all countries. The international community was, though, excessively optimistic about the post-Milosevic climate in Serbia, which it believed would usher in a series of benevolent changes for the whole region and thus undermine nationalist sentiment in both Kosovo and Montenegro. In reality, little has changed in the Serbia-Kosovo relationship over the last three years. In this context, the Kosovo rioting and attacks on property and religious buildings in March 2004 were a shock to most of the international community. A number of random incidents led to the riots, which were also fueled by popular dissatisfaction with UNMIK's performance regarding unemployment and electric power generation. The riots did not halt the progress in transferring power and competencies to the new local institutions or the withdrawal of UNMIK from some spheres of Kosovo life. Nevertheless, they were a symbol of the deep underlying problems in Kosovo.
While it is still not clear if environmental cooperation can lead directly to peace, we should explore the environment’s potential as a peacemaking tool in this increasingly unstable and conflictual world, writes Erika Weinthal.
Includes articles on the Okavango River Basin and reproductive health in the Amazon rainforest, as well as summaries from events on population and security, and a review of Breaking the Conflict Trap.