October 2002- In parliamentary elections held on September 20-21, 2002, Slovak voters showed a clear preference for pro-Western and reform-oriented parties, while turning away from populists aimed at protecting "national" interests and potentially returning the country to international isolation. The elections produced the most homogenous government in Slovakia's short history, and the country's future – at least for the next four years – now appears rather predictable, even boring. Following an awkward introduction to the world, the elections signify that Slovakia may finally be growing up.
The root causes of the threats to much of Asia’s biological diversity, particularly in the region’s more unstable and authoritarian countries, can be generalized in three words: conversion, consumption and corruption.
February 1997 - Observers of Polish Politics may feel a strong sense of déja vu. Like the historic election of 1989 which precipitated the collapse of Communist regimes across Eastern Europe, Solidarity emerged victorious from the parliamentary elections of September 1997, a showdown between the former Communists and the Electoral Action Solidarity (AWS). The AWS, a coalition of the trade union "Solidarity" and several minor parties, won decidedly, with 33.8% of the votes and 201 of the 460 seats in the Sejm. The post-Communist Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) finished second with 27.1% of the votes and 164 seats. A distant third was the Freedom Union (UW) party, dominated by the former Solidarity intellectual elite, with 13.4% of the votes and 60 seats. It was followed by the Polish Peasant Party (PSL), the 1993-97 coalition partner of the SLD (7.3% and 27 seats), and the Movement for the Rebirth of Poland, another party with Solidarity roots (5.6% and 6 seats). The remaining two seats were won by the Silesian Germans, exempt from the 5% threshold as a national minority. Among those who didn't clear the threshold was the leftist Labor Union (UP) with 4.7%.
Conflict and Cooperation: Making the Case for Environmental Pathways to Peacebuilding in the Great Lakes RegionJul 07, 2011
Policy paper on ways in which natural resource cooperation can lead to peace in Central Africa
In the first of the Africa Program Occasional Paper Series, Johnnie Carson, Senior Vice President of the National Defense University analyzes the recent political transition in Kenya, and its significance for the future of U.S.-Kenya relations. Johnnie Carson was U.S. ambassador to Kenya from 1999 to 2002.
On April 21, 2004, His Excellency Paul Kagame, President of Rwanda, reflected on the tenth anniversary of the tragic genocide in Rwanda. He discussed the root causes of the genocide, the international reaction to the crisis, and the measures that he and his country have been taking to rebuild Rwanda. His presentation was part of Remembering Rwanda, a commemoration of the tenth anniversary of the genocide. The program was co-sponsored by the Africa Program, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the United States Institute of Peace.
Muthee is a trained Social Scientist with eight years experience in research, policy analysis, project planning and management amounting from various assignments in different work areas. Her key areas of interest are: poverty, health, governance, organisational management, human rights and gender.
Opportunities and Constraints for the Disarmament and Repatriation of Foreign Armed Groups in the DRCJul 07, 2011
On September 13, Hans Romkema of Conflict and Transition Consultancies (CTC) presented at the Wilson Center, his report on opportunities and constraints for the disarmament and repatriation (D&R) of foreign armed groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
English; Africa Program Issue Briefing No. 1, July 2005.