The International Conference on Population and Development, held in Cairo in September 1994, forged a broad new consensus on the international community’s approach to population issues. Over three years after the conference, it is timely to explore the U.S. response to the conference and to the challenges posed by the new consensus.
Using geo-referenced data, Clionadh Raleigh and Henrik Urdal find that population growth and density are related to increased civil conflict, but that demographic and environmental factors are generally outweighed by political and economic ones.
Includes feature articles, a debate about environment and security scholarship, and excerpts from official statements and documents.
ECSP Report 12 analyzes conflicts over natural resources, which are increasingly depleted by population growth, environmental degradation, poverty, and over-consumption. Complete report.
Urdal's analysis finds that population growth, land scarcity, and urbanization do not greatly influence patterns of war and peace, with a few exceptions.
To celebrate its tenth anniversary, the 10th edition of the newly redesigned ECSP Report asked top thinkers to identify the next steps for environment, population, and security. Complete report.
Experts review new publications.
Complete set of commentaries on demographic security by Jack Goldstone, Richard Cincotta, Jennifer Dabbs Sciubba, Clionadh Raleigh and Henrik Urdal, Christian Leuprecht, and Elizabeth Leahy.
The 1997 issue of the ECSP's annual report frames environment in terms of the U.S. security debate, explores ecological security and demographic change; and includes a commentary on human population prospects. Complete report.
"On the Record," a compendium of quotations from the past year of ECSP meetings, features many candid assessments of global environmental, population, and security issues.