Economics and Globalization Publications
Special reports: Environmental Degradation and Migration The U.S.-Mexico Case Study, by The Natural Heritage Institute; and Solving China’s Environmental Problems: Policy Options from the Working Group on Environment in U.S.-China Relations, by Aaron Frank.
Experts review new publications (Part 2).
Confiscation and extraction of natural resources made war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo “a very lucrative business”.
Includes articles on the Okavango River Basin and reproductive health in the Amazon rainforest, as well as summaries from events on population and security, and a review of Breaking the Conflict Trap.
This article argues that, while the interconnections between the environment and conflict are many and complex, the likelihood of large-scale warfare over renewable resources is small. Nonetheless, environmental difficulties do render many people insecure.
May 1997 - The successor states to the former Yugoslavia may be unanimous in their opposition to any political project even hinting at its recreation, but they still face a set of surprisingly common economic problems. (On the emergence of the successor states from the collapse of Yugoslavia, see Yugoslavia and After: A Study in Fragmentation, Despair, and Rebirth, edited by David A. Dyker and Ivan Vojvoda [New York: Longman, 1996].) For one, there is the obvious absence of the economic boom that a postwar recovery period often generates. As a partial solution, business enterprises are turning back toward their nearest neighbors, their former compatriots. Even this movement faces two further problems. First, their transitions to a market economy based on private enterprise are in the best case half-finished and have in the worst cases created new vested interests grounded in political power and corruption. Second, while private entrepreneurship has indeed grown apace, its enterprises are typically too small or too closely linked to political or outright criminal networks to press effectively, from below, for a legal market framework.
Amid the talk of looming “water wars,” a less dramatic—but more immediate—link between water and violence is often ignored: the violence engendered by poor governance of water resources, says Ken Conca.
The United States and China together produce almost 40 percent of the greenhouse gas emissions that now threaten to alter the global climate. Any successful global effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions will therefore require the direct support and participation of both countries.
ECSP invited a wide range of scientists, government officials, nongovernmental activists, and defense analysts from across the globe to write commentaries on Global Trends 2015.
These two papers provide some theoretical underpinnings for an alternative--evolutionary--approach to economic reform in Eastern Europe. Such an approach places little emphasis on reforming old organizations, but instead pins its hopes on the growth of a nascent private sector. An evolutionary policy, therefore, combines a policy of the gradual phasing out of the old institutional framework, an active program to promote new private sector activity and the institutions that this sector requires, and gradual privatization using market processes. The papers analyze both the evolution of centrally planned economies in the region as well as the impact of conservatism.