Economics and Globalization Publications
ECSP invited Homer-Dixon, Peluso, and Watts to engage in a dialogue about Violent Environments, as well as the future of environmental security research.
ECSP Report 12 analyzes conflicts over natural resources, which are increasingly depleted by population growth, environmental degradation, poverty, and over-consumption. Table of Contents and Foreword.
Because population projections are generally accepted as expert and reliable, non-demographic analysts tend to see projected population growth as an inevitable and unstoppable force in human affairs.
Table of Contents, Foreword, and Commentaries on Johannesburg.
May 1997 - The successor states to the former Yugoslavia may be unanimous in their opposition to any political project even hinting at its recreation, but they still face a set of surprisingly common economic problems. (On the emergence of the successor states from the collapse of Yugoslavia, see Yugoslavia and After: A Study in Fragmentation, Despair, and Rebirth, edited by David A. Dyker and Ivan Vojvoda [New York: Longman, 1996].) For one, there is the obvious absence of the economic boom that a postwar recovery period often generates. As a partial solution, business enterprises are turning back toward their nearest neighbors, their former compatriots. Even this movement faces two further problems. First, their transitions to a market economy based on private enterprise are in the best case half-finished and have in the worst cases created new vested interests grounded in political power and corruption. Second, while private entrepreneurship has indeed grown apace, its enterprises are typically too small or too closely linked to political or outright criminal networks to press effectively, from below, for a legal market framework.
L’Afrique australe est confrontée à des pénuries d’eau souterraine potentiellement graves, qui mettent en péril non seulement la vie de ceux qui en dépendent directement, mais aussi le développement continu des moteurs économiques de la région.
This article examines the implications of urbanization for intersectoral competition over water, not only in technical or economic terms, but also in terms of political and social dynamics as well as the possibilities to meet the water needs of growing cities.
The Environmental Change and Security Project's 7th annual Report explores the connection between conflict and hunger, and looks at environmental stress and human security in Northern Pakistan. This issue also includes commentaries on the National Intelligence Council's Global Trends 2015 report; and a special forum addressing the question: Is there a population implosion? Complete report.
These two papers provide some theoretical underpinnings for an alternative--evolutionary--approach to economic reform in Eastern Europe. Such an approach places little emphasis on reforming old organizations, but instead pins its hopes on the growth of a nascent private sector. An evolutionary policy, therefore, combines a policy of the gradual phasing out of the old institutional framework, an active program to promote new private sector activity and the institutions that this sector requires, and gradual privatization using market processes. The papers analyze both the evolution of centrally planned economies in the region as well as the impact of conservatism.
Oil spills, water shortages, earthquakes, and desertification are only some of the potential environmental threats to the Persian Gulf region’s security, but multilateral and regional efforts to address these problems could help build bridges between nations, writes Rear Admiral John F. Sigler, USN (Ret.).