Crossover - Urban Water, Urban Transport, Urban Energy: Transforming Municipal Services and Urban InfrastructureSep 08, 2015
Addressing urban challenges that lay ahead will require accelerating cross-sectoral learning within and between 21st century cities. Given the scale and costs associated with deferred investment, cities must keep pace, finding more efficient ways to manage infrastructure and processes.
A surge in oil and gas production in the United States signals a new era of energy security. But the United States will not achieve an energy independence unrelated to other parts of the world because world energy markets today are inextricably interconnected. The United States should instead lead development of a new Global Energy Security System to spread energy development, make energy markets more responsive and efficient, and protect energy transport.
Pakistan is convulsed by power shortages that at times have approached 50 percent of total energy demand. And yet the country's energy problems are arguably rooted more in shortages of governance than of pure supply. This new publication offers a series of recommendations to ease one of Pakistan's most serious and intractable challenges.
Proposed oil and gas development zones in Coahuila are among the driest in the Americas. In collaboration with Circle of Blue, the Mexico Institute is working to address the future of energy and water scarcity along the U.S.-Mexico Border.
InsightOut Issue 2 - Missed Opportunity? Chinese Clean Energy Foreign Direct Investment in the United StatesJun 10, 2015
When foreign investors locate new energy projects in the United States, U.S. workers and consumers benefit. These investments, particularly in clean energy, help maintain and upgrade infrastructure, reduce carbon pollution, lower energy costs, and increase the nation’s resilience to extreme weather events and global oil market shocks.
Opportunities for unconventional or shale oil and gas production in Mexico are in the earliest stages of development. Due to its close proximity to major shale field development in South and West Texas, Mexico is particularly well positioned to take advantage of unconventional extraction techniques. However significant challenges will have to be addressed.
Marlene Laruelle argues that the United States should engage more in the Arctic as a means of establishing cooperation patterns with Russia after the Ukraine crisis. Furthermore, priority should be given to join projects and information sharing, and Russia should be supported in its efforts to open and securitize the Northern Sea Route.
Heather Conley argues that the United States should use its chairmanship of the Arctic Council to strengthen its internal and external relations on issues including: Arctic shipping, reducing carbon short-lived climate forcers, and increasing awareness and focus on the well-being of indigenous communities.
Aki Tonami argues that Asian states, particularly Japan, South Korea, and Singapore, are mainly interested in the economic aspects of the Arctic, but will utilize their willingness to promote scientific cooperation for sustainable development in the region. The Arctic Council and other Arctic states should encourage intra-Asian cooperation on the Arctic and should attempt to settle historical and territorial grievances.
Heavy reliance on fossil fuels is a common theme across the Mexican Northern Border States with the notable exception of Baja California. Mexico’s recent Energy Reform marked a big change in terms of investment and opportunities in oil and gas. However, the comprehensive package of legislation was also aimed to incentivize and accelerate the change towards the production of goods and services based on renewable energies. Mexico has great potential to develop a wide range of renewable energies including solar energy, hydroelectric, geothermal, bioenergy, and wind energy.