Against the background of the academic and policy debate surrounding conditionality, this paper examines its role in the nuclear sector. It begins with an overview of the nuclear safety problems that became apparent shortly after the collapse of communism and the West's response to these problems. This article then offers case studies of three countries – Bulgaria, Slovakia, and Lithuania – that are especially interesting for having been subject both to conditionality linked to financial incentives and conditionality arising from their bids to become EU members. A concluding section analyzes the record of conditionality in the nuclear safety sphere and draws overall conclusions about its effectiveness as an instrument of international policy.
The following bibliography is a compilation of all entries from the three previous ECSP Reports and new additions from the last year. The Guide includes a wide range of publications, organized by theme, which relate to the various conceptions of environmental security.
This edited volume, in which leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers focus on overcoming the problems faced by states endowed with large oil and gas reserves, could not have come at a better time.
Section 1 presents an overview of green NGO development in Hong Kong, Mainland China, and Taiwan, and paints pictures of three diverse environmental movements. Also includes Foreword and Table of Contents.
Through a generous grant from the U.S. Institute of Peace, ECSP organized a forum in Hong Kong to provide opportunities for 65 environmentalists and journalists from the three areas of Greater China to discuss improving the capacity of environmental NGOs and the quality of environmental reporting in the region. Part 2 (Chinese).
Experts review new publications.
The update section is designed to highlight the environment, population, and security activities of various organizations. The bibliography includes a wide range of publications, organized by theme, which relate to environment, population, and security.
The 13th issue of the Environmental Change and Security Program Report details the non-traditional security threats and opportunities facing the world today. Cover and Table of Contents.
Event summaries from nine of the 1996 sessions, as well as highlights of the environment, population, and security activities of foundations, nongovernmental organizations, academic programs, and government offices, a list of Internet sites and resources, and a bibliographic guide to the literature.
ECSP Report 12 analyzes conflicts over natural resources, which are increasingly depleted by population growth, environmental degradation, poverty, and over-consumption. Complete report.