Climate Change Adaptation and Population Dynamics in Latin America and the Caribbean - Perspectives from the RegionOct 13, 2015
Latin America and the Caribbean face multiple risks from a changing climate, from sea level rise to glacial melt to extreme weather and disease. Recent population trends—particularly population growth and urbanization—will continue to be an important factor in influencing the region’s vulnerability and adaptive capacity.
Proposed oil and gas development zones in Coahuila are among the driest in the Americas. In collaboration with Circle of Blue, the Mexico Institute is working to address the future of energy and water scarcity along the U.S.-Mexico Border.
InsightOut Issue 2 - Missed Opportunity? Chinese Clean Energy Foreign Direct Investment in the United StatesJun 10, 2015
When foreign investors locate new energy projects in the United States, U.S. workers and consumers benefit. These investments, particularly in clean energy, help maintain and upgrade infrastructure, reduce carbon pollution, lower energy costs, and increase the nation’s resilience to extreme weather events and global oil market shocks.
Marlene Laruelle argues that the United States should engage more in the Arctic as a means of establishing cooperation patterns with Russia after the Ukraine crisis. Furthermore, priority should be given to join projects and information sharing, and Russia should be supported in its efforts to open and securitize the Northern Sea Route.
Heather Conley argues that the United States should use its chairmanship of the Arctic Council to strengthen its internal and external relations on issues including: Arctic shipping, reducing carbon short-lived climate forcers, and increasing awareness and focus on the well-being of indigenous communities.
Willy Østreng argues that the Arctic Council should form a more cohesive, comprehensive unit by closing ranks and operating as the Arctic 8, acting in concert, and stand united in order to maintain control of regional developments.
Heavy reliance on fossil fuels is a common theme across the Mexican Northern Border States with the notable exception of Baja California. Mexico’s recent Energy Reform marked a big change in terms of investment and opportunities in oil and gas. However, the comprehensive package of legislation was also aimed to incentivize and accelerate the change towards the production of goods and services based on renewable energies. Mexico has great potential to develop a wide range of renewable energies including solar energy, hydroelectric, geothermal, bioenergy, and wind energy.
Rob Huebert recommends that Canada and the United States should continue communicating with one another on matters related to Arctic sovereignty to avoid political misunderstandings and ensure proper surveillance and enforcement capabilities continue. Also, that Canada must ensure it meets NORAD, and the United States’, expectations in the Arctic, while providing the resources it needs to expand its our Arctic domain awareness. Canada will also need to balance its commitment to the Arctic Council with its commitment to its own foreign policy and to NATO, specifically as relates to the situation in Ukraine.
The water-energy-food choke point is forcing a new reckoning. Three colliding trends—declining freshwater reserves, booming energy demand, and uncertain grain supplies—are disrupting economies, governments, and environments around the world. As the world’s most populous country and biggest energy consumer, China’s energy, food, and environmental security is threatened as it hits these choke points. How Chinese policymakers deal with these water-energy-food confrontations will have significant domestic and global consequences.
This publication marks the 5th year of the Urban Poverty Paper Competition for advanced graduate students sponsored by the Wilson Center's Urban Sustainability Laboratory, USAID, International Housing Coalition, the World Bank, and Cities Alliance. The volume includes original, solutions-oriented research by winning authors to assess existing urban policy and practice.