Includes feature articles, a debate about environment and security scholarship, and excerpts from official statements and documents.
January 2004 - In the aftermath of World War II, Czechoslovakia expelled close to three million ethnic Germans into occupied Austria and Germany. These so-called Sudeten Germans had long lived in borderland regions ringing the provinces of Bohemia and Moravia, with the heaviest concentration inhabiting the industrially advanced north and west of Bohemia. During and after the expulsions, over two million Czechs settled in the formerly German areas, taking over houses, businesses and factories. The popular Communist Party controlled the resettlement process from the beginning in 1945, using its influence to create a web of patronage in the borderlands. This helped the Party win over 50 percent of the vote in north Bohemia in free elections in May of 1946. Even before Stalinism took hold in Czechoslovakia in 1948, north Bohemia's coal mining, power production and chemical industry were renowned. With the onset of a Communist policy of heavy industrialization, north Bohemia's industry became a model for the entire country. By the 1960s, north Bohemia also became known for its almost unrivaled pollution, with air and water so foul that trees died in waves and children decamped to the mountains for doses of clean air.
Oil spills, water shortages, earthquakes, and desertification are only some of the potential environmental threats to the Persian Gulf region’s security, but multilateral and regional efforts to address these problems could help build bridges between nations, writes Rear Admiral John F. Sigler, USN (Ret.).
Experts review new publications.
This article attempts to consolidate information on low-cost sanitation options, and frame them within the context of community acceptability, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability.
In Peace Parks: Conservation and Conflict Resolution, 31 authors explore the multiple ways in which environmental conservation zones can facilitate the resolution of territorial conflicts.
Includes articles on the Okavango River Basin and reproductive health in the Amazon rainforest, as well as summaries from events on population and security, and a review of Breaking the Conflict Trap.
Issue 15: Fishing for Families: Reproductive Health and Integrated Coastal Management in the PhilippinesJul 07, 2011
The Philippines' rapidly rising population has overwhelmed fisheries, bringing grinding poverty and malnutrition to many coastal communities. But a new approach to conservation may save families along with the fish and their habitats, say Joan Castro and Leona D'Agnes.
Countries that are overwhelmed by environmental problems tend to develop political and economic problems, writes Jared Diamond, Pulitzer Prize-winning author of Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies.
The author analyzes the multiple and complex relationships between environmental change, notions of security, and social conflicts in the Brazilian Amazon..