Event summary for Navigating Peace: Generating New Thinking about Water.
In the 1996 issue of ECSP's annual report, Miriam R. Lowi writes about water disputes in the Middle East; Dennis Pirages explores "microsecurity"; and Thomas Homer-Dixon discusses findings from a project on environment, population, and security. Complete report.
This book provides conservation planners and protected area managers with an excellent overview of contemporary human migration, emphasizing its impacts on biodiversity.
Robert Engelman analyzes the human and environmental impact of population growth, particularly in the context of Niger and Kenya.
Below are excerpts from recent official statements in which environment and population issues are prominently cited in the context of security and national interests.
December 1998 - How effectively have multilateral development banks (MDBs) addressed environmental issues in Central and Eastern Europe? The World Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and European Investment Bank (EIB) are among the major donors to the region, providing more than $25 billion in loans, which usually attract additional private sector, and bilateral and recipient government financing as well. All three banks have been struggling in recent years to respond to pressure to better address environmental issues in their global and regional work, while often facing criticism by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) for doing a poor job in translating ideas and policies into action.
This article argues that, while the interconnections between the environment and conflict are many and complex, the likelihood of large-scale warfare over renewable resources is small. Nonetheless, environmental difficulties do render many people insecure.
Marc Levy and Patrick Philippe Meier recommend that assessments and early warning systems integrate environmental variables more completely and effectively. The authors assert that the international system has little capacity to monitor and assess conflict and cooperation on environmental issues.
ECSP Director Geoff Dabelko introduces commentary on the future of environmental security.
In this article, the authors examine the post–Cold War pattern of conflict with a focus on the role of agriculture.