Environmental Security Publications
Amid the growing number of reports warning that climate change threatens security, one potentially dangerous – but counterintuitive – dimension has been largely ignored. Could efforts to reduce our carbon footprint and lower our vulnerability to climate change inadvertently exacerbate existing conflicts?
A workshop report focused on three areas of intersection that have dominated discussions of climate and security links in developing country contexts.
Today’s population of 7 billion people has a significant impact on the planet’s natural resources and on global security. Seven critical challenges—security, climate change, water scarcity, food insecurity, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, and future population growth—are affected by population dynamics in complex ways that demand holistic solutions. One effective and relatively inexpensive way to meet these challenges is to empower women by improving their access to education and health care, including family planning.
Every year, China generates 250 million tons of municipal solid waste (MSW), or one quarter of the world’s total annual waste.To help deal with this problem, 155 incineration facilities currently operate in China, with an expected 300 facilities to be online by 2015. However, these plants vary drastically in their ability to control pollution and toxic waste from China’s incinerators is occasionally dumped into ponds or landfilled, belying the clean and renewable image promoted by the government. For citizens troubled by a lack of information from the government about incineration plants before and during construction, NGOs and grassroots organizations serve to fill the gap as sources of information, legal services, and advice.
Few regions in the world have been as unfortunate as Nigeria’s oil-rich Niger Delta. The delta’s abundant natural wealth stands in stark contrast to its palpable underdevelopment. The oil sector accounts for approximately 95 percent of Nigeria’s export earnings and over 80 percent of federal government revenue, but for nearly two decades the delta has been mired in conflict and violence that threatens human security and the national economy.
A new U.S. Studies publication examining the challenges and trends in the American food system
Summaries include Banking the 'Demographic Dividend' with David E. Bloom; Linking Health, Environment, and Community Development, with Mechai Viravaidya; and Good Water Makes Good Neighbors, with Gidon Bromberg and Abdel-Rahman Sultan.
Marc Levy and Patrick Philippe Meier recommend that assessments and early warning systems integrate environmental variables more completely and effectively. The authors assert that the international system has little capacity to monitor and assess conflict and cooperation on environmental issues.
Complete set of commentaries exploring the links between population and conflict by authors Henrik Urdal, Sarah Staveteig, Valerie M. Hudson, Andrea M. den Boer, and Monica Duffy Toft.
The 1999 issue of the ECSP Report includes features on population, urbanization, environment, and security; agriculture and conflict; and environmental change, security, and social conflicts in the Brazilian Amazon. Foreword and Table of Contents.