Environmental Security Publications

Backdraft: The Conflict Potential of Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

May 14, 2013
Amid the growing number of reports warning that climate change threatens security, one potentially dangerous – but counterintuitive – dimension has been largely ignored. Could efforts to reduce our carbon footprint and lower our vulnerability to climate change inadvertently exacerbate existing conflicts?

Climate Change Adaptation and Peacebuilding in Africa: An Adaptation Partnership Workshop Report

Apr 04, 2013
A workshop report focused on three areas of intersection that have dominated discussions of climate and security links in developing country contexts.

Seven Ways 7 Billion People Affect the Environment and Security

Jan 11, 2013
Today’s population of 7 billion people has a significant impact on the planet’s natural resources and on global security. Seven critical challenges—security, climate change, water scarcity, food insecurity, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, and future population growth—are affected by population dynamics in complex ways that demand holistic solutions. One effective and relatively inexpensive way to meet these challenges is to empower women by improving their access to education and health care, including family planning.

Snapshot: China's Waste Challenge

Nov 19, 2012
Every year, China generates 250 million tons of municipal solid waste (MSW), or one quarter of the world’s total annual waste.To help deal with this problem, 155 incineration facilities currently operate in China, with an expected 300 facilities to be online by 2015. However, these plants vary drastically in their ability to control pollution and toxic waste from China’s incinerators is occasionally dumped into ponds or landfilled, belying the clean and renewable image promoted by the government. For citizens troubled by a lack of information from the government about incineration plants before and during construction, NGOs and grassroots organizations serve to fill the gap as sources of information, legal services, and advice.

Securing Development and Peace in the Niger Delta: A Social and Conflict Analysis for Change

Jan 26, 2012
Few regions in the world have been as unfortunate as Nigeria’s oil-rich Niger Delta. The delta’s abundant natural wealth stands in stark contrast to its palpable underdevelopment. The oil sector accounts for approximately 95 percent of Nigeria’s export earnings and over 80 percent of federal government revenue, but for nearly two decades the delta has been mired in conflict and violence that threatens human security and the national economy.

"Rebuilding the American Food System—One Heirloom Tomato at A Time"

Aug 19, 2011
A new U.S. Studies publication examining the challenges and trends in the American food system

Human Population Growth and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Jul 07, 2011
An issue brief produced by the Population-Health-Environment Policy and Practice Group.

Environmental Security: A View from Europe

Jul 07, 2011
We must reinvigorate the comprehensive—and reject the exclusively militaristic—definition of security, Margaret Brusasco-Mackenzie warns.

Forest Plunder in Southeast Asia: An Environmental Security Nexus in Burma and Cambodia

Jul 07, 2011
The root causes of the threats to much of Asia’s biological diversity, particularly in the region’s more unstable and authoritarian countries, can be generalized in three words: conversion, consumption and corruption.

Peace Parks: Conservation and Conflict Resolution

Jul 07, 2011
In Peace Parks: Conservation and Conflict Resolution, 31 authors explore the multiple ways in which environmental conservation zones can facilitate the resolution of territorial conflicts.