Environmental Security Publications
Entre todas as conversas de “guerras de água” iminentes, uma ligação menos dramática—mas mais imediata—entre a água e a violência é frequentemente ignorada: a violência desencadeada pela fraca governança dos recursos hídricos.
Below are excerpts from recent official statements in which environment and population issues are prominently cited in the context of security and national interests.
This article considers issues pertaining to the linkages between rural populations, migration from and to rural areas, and the environment, focusing on developing countries in the latter part of the 20th century.
Issue 8 features an article on monitoring and evaluation approaches for integrated population, health, and environment programming, as well as event summaries, and a review of the UNFPA's State of World Population 2002.
Environmental Stress and Demographic Change in Nepal: Underlying Conditions Contributing to a Decade of InsurgencyJul 07, 2011
The authors review the broad dynamics of Nepal’s current civil conflict, arguing that environmental stress and population factors have played significant roles in creating the underlying conditions for acute insecurity and instability.
In this article, the authors examine the post–Cold War pattern of conflict with a focus on the role of agriculture.
Using geo-referenced data, Clionadh Raleigh and Henrik Urdal find that population growth and density are related to increased civil conflict, but that demographic and environmental factors are generally outweighed by political and economic ones.
Fresh water is emerging as the most critical resource issue facing humanity. While the supply of fresh water is limited, both the world’s population and demand for the resource continues to expand rapidly.
January 2004 - In the aftermath of World War II, Czechoslovakia expelled close to three million ethnic Germans into occupied Austria and Germany. These so-called Sudeten Germans had long lived in borderland regions ringing the provinces of Bohemia and Moravia, with the heaviest concentration inhabiting the industrially advanced north and west of Bohemia. During and after the expulsions, over two million Czechs settled in the formerly German areas, taking over houses, businesses and factories. The popular Communist Party controlled the resettlement process from the beginning in 1945, using its influence to create a web of patronage in the borderlands. This helped the Party win over 50 percent of the vote in north Bohemia in free elections in May of 1946. Even before Stalinism took hold in Czechoslovakia in 1948, north Bohemia's coal mining, power production and chemical industry were renowned. With the onset of a Communist policy of heavy industrialization, north Bohemia's industry became a model for the entire country. By the 1960s, north Bohemia also became known for its almost unrivaled pollution, with air and water so foul that trees died in waves and children decamped to the mountains for doses of clean air.
Complete set of commentaries on the future of environmental security by Geoffrey D. Dabelko, Jared Diamond, Margaret Brusasco-Mackenzie, Erika Weinthal, Richard Cincotta, Roger-Mark De Souza, Richard Matthew, and Bryan McDonald.