Even with the world's longest peaceful border and advanced mapping capabilities, Canada and the United States disagree about where their Arctic border begins and ends, specifically in the Beaufort Sea.
The Brazil Institute releases the 2011-2013 Report of Activities
In Captive Society, Saeid Golkar surveys Iran’s paramilitary Basij organization, from its history, structure, and relation with the Revolutionary Guard to its roles in society, the economy, and the educational system.
Interview with Oksana Nesterenko, Former Kennan Institute Fulbright Scholar, and Associate Professor, National University “Yaroslav the Wise Law Academy of Ukraine,” on September 4, 2014. Kennan Institute Project "Protection of Whistleblowers and Education Programs as Strong Guarantees for Transparent Government."
Recent events in several sub-Saharan African countries raise concerns that religiously motivated violent conflict is on the rise. Perpetrated mainly by a number of extremist religious groups claiming Islamic or Christian identity, which has escalated during the last decade, this phenomenon is becoming one of the main challenges to peace and security on the African continent and requires renewed attention from policymakers at the national and international levels. The U.S. government (USG) should pay particular attention given the United States’ commitment to religious freedom, as exemplified in its adoption of the International Religious Freedom Act in 1998. Addressing the issue of religious violence in sub-Saharan Africa requires not only a multi-level policy approach, but also the development of a holistic framework that will enable analysts and scholars to address the complexity of its causality, since religious violence is never only about religion.
There is widespread agreement that equal access to power and decision-making for men and women is fundamental to representative and responsive governance. This has been highlighted in governance and development discourses against a background of women’s unequal and limited access to public office. Women’s substantive representation in political positions is crucial to closing the gender gap in decision-making structures. Within Africa, tremendous strides have been made towards improving women’s political inclusion in recent years.
The recently concluded US-Africa Leaders Summit, which was held from August 4-6, 2014, was an opportunity to discuss key issues and define a way forward for US-Africa relations. Read Africa Program Director Monde Muyangwa's take on what needs to happen next.
"Since 2001, the Ethiopian government has been committed to building a “developmental state,” one with a strong state-led macro-economic plan, much like that of East Asian countries. After 2005, the developmental agenda took center stage in public discourse. This increasingly dominant discourse frames poverty as an existential threat to Ethiopia’s survival, necessitating its eradication by hastening development at all costs. In recent years, various independent international organizations have agreed that Ethiopia is among the fastest growing economies in the world."
The Lebanese Parliament failed to elect a president for the sixth time since the term of President Michel Sleiman expired on May 25, 2014. Due to the lack of Christian consensus, Lebanese sectarian divisions, and regional discord, an early resolution to the vacant presidency is difficult. Despite the void in the presidency, several internal and regional factors, unique to Lebanon, are likely to ensure stability.
Four essays present perspectives on the ideas behind smart cities from New York, Ahmedabad, São Paulo, and Beijing.