The advent of democracy in 1994 came with the promise of a society whose race, political, economic and social relations would be the antithesis of what they had been under apartheid. The post-apartheid order would deliver what the ANC calls “a better life for all.” What has happened since the ANC came to power can best be summarized in three ways: First, there has been some improvement in the political, social and economic conditions of the majority. Second, democratic, policy and delivery deficits have emerged.
Environmental security scholarship provides important theoretical and methodological underpinnings for the embryonic field examining threat networks, write Richard Matthew and Bryan McDonald.
This chapter identifies ten methodological, analytical, and substantive opportunities for future research, and five areas in which focused analysis could bolster policymaking.
Natural resource-related conflicts are the predominant types of conflict in northern Nigeria, according to research by Anthony Nyong. Predicted climactic changes will affect patterns of distribution and availability, and potentially further exacerbate conflict, he writes.
The Environmental Change and Security Project's 7th annual Report explores the connection between conflict and hunger, and looks at environmental stress and human security in Northern Pakistan. This issue also includes commentaries on the National Intelligence Council's Global Trends 2015 report; and a special forum addressing the question: Is there a population implosion? Complete report.
The 1999 issue of the ECSP Report includes features on population, urbanization, environment, and security; agriculture and conflict; and environmental change, security, and social conflicts in the Brazilian Amazon. Complete report.
This is a research paper commissioned for the conference, by Argentine economist Nora Lustig, who provides an overview of trends in poverty and inequality throughout Latin America, comparing left and non-left governments, as well as left governments and their non-leftist predecessors in their own countries.
In the past generation so much has happened in this region that many of the old categories of description and analysis were sterile, perhaps redundant. Not only had new issues arisen about which little had been written in the West, but the very terms in which social debate in Eastern Europe is now undertaken have undergone radical transformation. Some fresh overall assessment of these changes is called for. This paper has been confined to one theme, albeit central; the emergence of new forms of opposition and dissent in this region over the past decade.
ECSP invited analysts to address whether global poverty should and can be a U.S. national security issue (Part 2).