Innovation in Urban Development outlines new ideas for coping with rapid urban growth in three key policy areas: incremental housing approaches, big data for smarter urban development, and gender and urban development.
NPIHP Working Paper #3. Jayita Sarkar explores technological collaboration between the French and Indian Atomic Energy Commissions, using new archival documents to expose how shared opposition to U.S. information censorship and the desire to preserve foreign policy independence fostered nuclear collaboration between the two nations.
Asian nations have found it difficult to respond effectively to new transnational security challenges. Resources and technical capacity are scarce, as are cooperation and coordination within and between governments, the private sector, and civil society. New Security Challenges in Asia shows how these threats are less susceptible to traditional diplomacy or military resolution and recommends ways the United States can help Asian nations address them.
From the Indian Bomb to the Establishment of the First Brazil-Argentina Nuclear Agreement (1974-1980)Jul 24, 2013
India’s first nuclear explosive test in May 1974 had deep consequences for the nuclear non-proliferation regime. The establishment of the Nuclear Suppliers Group in 1975 added to the safeguards requirements that were imposed on countries seeking nuclear technology—even those that were outside the NPT. This tightening of the nuclear technology transfer regime as a result of India’s 1974 test would have a considerable effect on the Brazilian and Argentine programs.
After a period of warming ties in 2011 and 2012, Pakistan-India relations are off to a rough start in 2013--threatening to weaken the momentum for normalizing commercial ties between the two neighbors. A new Asia Program publication on Pakistan-India trade highlights the benefits and risks--for both countries--of a formal trade relationship, and examines what needs to be done to push the process forward.
CWIHP is pleased to announce the release of fourteen new documents translated into English for the first time. In CWIHP e-Dossier No. 39, Adam Burakowski introduces this collection drawn from the Archives of the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs focused on Poland's troubled relations with Romania. The documents show that interactions within the Soviet Bloc were much more complicated than many analysts have assumed.
China was exporting nuclear materials to Third World countries without safeguards beginning in the early 1980s, and may have given Pakistan weapons design information in the early years of its clandestine program, according to recently declassified CIA records.
Social media is responsible for much positive change in the world. But these new tools can be used by bad actors to foment strife and undermine stability, as seen during violent incidents in the Assam state of northeast India in July 2012. Cybersecurity efforts must take into account the growing potential for cyber-attack using social media, where hoax messages are incorporated into a stream of otherwise legitimate messages, and understand how quickly mobile apps and text services can disseminate false information.
In the last months of 1995, U.S intelligence agencies detected signs of nuclear test preparations at India’s test site in Pokhran, but the satellite photos that analysts studied were “as clear as mud,” according to declassified documents published today by the National Security Archive and the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project.
In CWIHP Working Paper No. 64, Christopher Tang argues that the Sino-Pakistani relationship must be viewed within the larger context of China’s foreign policy.