International Development Publications
Event summary for Navigating Peace: Generating New Thinking about Water.
In the 1996 issue of ECSP's annual report, Miriam R. Lowi writes about water disputes in the Middle East; Dennis Pirages explores "microsecurity"; and Thomas Homer-Dixon discusses findings from a project on environment, population, and security. Complete report.
One important conclusion to be drawn from this analysis is the urgent need for environmental sustainability—for sustainable use, sustainable consumption, sustainable development—in ways that do not enrich current generations at the expense of future ones.
The 1999 issue of the ECSP Report includes features on population, urbanization, environment, and security; agriculture and conflict; and environmental change, security, and social conflicts in the Brazilian Amazon. Foreword and Table of Contents.
Using geo-referenced data, Clionadh Raleigh and Henrik Urdal find that population growth and density are related to increased civil conflict, but that demographic and environmental factors are generally outweighed by political and economic ones.
"[T]he importance of youthful age structure—particularly in insurgency-based civil wars—should not be ignored. The relationship between large youth cohorts and civil war appears to have held throughout history," writes Sarah Staveteig.
This article argues that, while the interconnections between the environment and conflict are many and complex, the likelihood of large-scale warfare over renewable resources is small. Nonetheless, environmental difficulties do render many people insecure.
Marc Levy and Patrick Philippe Meier recommend that assessments and early warning systems integrate environmental variables more completely and effectively. The authors assert that the international system has little capacity to monitor and assess conflict and cooperation on environmental issues.
The author explores why water needs fail to rally a forceful, sustained response from the global community.
Roger-Mark De Souza's article explores population, health, and environment (PHE) connections, identifying accomplishments, current challenges, and priorities.