International Development Publications

Beginning the Demographic Transition: Very Young and Youthful Age Structures

Jul 07, 2011
From 1970-2000, "only 13 percent of countries with a very young age structure had fully democratic governments, compared with 83 percent of countries with a mature age structure," says Elizabeth Leahy, who compares age structure to conflict in Nigeria, Ethiopia, Iran, and Pakistan.

The State of the Field: Demography and War

Jul 07, 2011
At its root, the importance of the link between demography and war is the relative capacity of a given political unit’s population to aid in its defense or to threaten other political units, writes Monica Duffy Toft.

ECSP Report 8: Official Statements

Jul 07, 2011
Excerpts from recent official statements in which environment, population, and human security issues are prominently cited in the context of national and security interests.

Finding the Source: The Coming Freshwater Crisis is Already Here

Jul 07, 2011
Fresh water is emerging as the most critical resource issue facing humanity. While the supply of fresh water is limited, both the world’s population and demand for the resource continues to expand rapidly.

HIV/AIDS and Governance in Africa

Jul 07, 2011
Sustained human development is an essential precondition for any effective response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Africa, Nana Poku writes.

Burning the Bridge to the 21st Century: The End of the Era of Integrated Conferences

Jul 07, 2011
While global environmental and population challenges are clearer and more pressing than ever, the international community seems less capable of constructive agreement, writes Frederick Meyerson.

Why Environmental Transformation Causes Violence: A Synthesis

Jul 07, 2011
Correlations between transformation of societal-nature relationships and violent conflict are numerous. This analysis will examine the critical role of transformation regarding causation of environmental conflicts in certain areas of developing countries.

Beyond Disasters: Creating Opportunities for Peace

Jul 07, 2011
Beyond Disasters: Creating Opportunities for Peace examines the impact of natural disasters on conflicts by analyzing the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and the 2005 earthquake in Kashmir.

ECSP Report 10: Introduction

Jul 07, 2011
To celebrate its tenth anniversary, the 10th edition of the newly redesigned ECSP Report asked top thinkers to identify the next steps for environment, population, and security. Table of Contents and Foreword.

Brazil's SIVAM: As It Monitors the Amazon, Will It Fulfill its Human Security Promise?

Jul 07, 2011
As Brazil implements its System for Vigilance of the Amazon (SIVAM), the country's leadership touts it as a major effort towards achieving its national security objectives, but lack of transparency and participation raise concerns.

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