Latin America Publications
Ruling on controversial cases such as abortion and stem cell research, Brazil's Supreme Federal Tribunal (STF) has become a highly visible institution that plays a central role in Brazil's maturing democracy. In his first visit to the U.S. since assuming the rotating presidency of the STF last April, Minister Gilmar Mendes spoke at the Woodrow Wilson Center on October 24, 2008, about constitutional adjudication in Brazil and the challenges of reconciling the protection of fundamental rights with democracy. This Special Report is an original essay written by Gilmar Mendes.
When one thinks of the Amazon, art is rarely the first thing that comes to mind. But it was the Amazon—and specifically, the bustling, ethnically diverse port city of Manaus—that gave Brazil one of its most famous contemporary poets, Thiago de Mello, and a world-renowned orchestra conductor, Claudio Santoro. Manaus is also the birthplace of Milton Hatoum and Márcio Souza, novelists whose creative work have brought renewed attention to Amazonian cultural production. In Part I of this Special Report, Souza highlights the uniqueness of the history and culture of the Amazon and its contribution to Brazilian art.
In Part II of this Special Report on Amazonian literature, Sá synthesizes two chapters from her book Rain Forest Literatures: Amazonian Texts and Latin American Culture and reconceptualizes how indigenous texts are viewed and used in literature, seeing the texts as creative works rather than source material.
Seven of the world's most notably innovative countries—United States, Canada, Ireland, France, United Kingdom, Finland and Japan—have recognized innovation as a key element for improving productivity and competitiveness, as well as advancing social and economic development. Understanding how these countries have succeeded in applying policies, adapting institutions, and using economic incentives and instruments to construct knowledge-based economies was the purpose of an in-depth, ten-month research project, Mobilização Brasileira para a Inovação (Mobit). This report synthesizes the findings of the Mobit study and the proceedings from the seminar.
Brazilian Presidential Race, 2002: Will Lula clear the hurdles ahead? (May 2002)
On April 30, 2008, Standard & Poor's became the first ratings agency to raise Brazil's foreign debt to investment-grade status. These unprecedented decisions, coupled with the discovery of massive new oil and gas reserves, boosts Brazil's prospects for continued, long-term economic and political stability. To explore the implications of Brazil's investment grade status the Brazil Institute hosted a congressional luncheon in partnership with the Wilson Center's On the Hill program.
Leadership Discussion Series: A Conversation with the Governor of the State of Mato Grosso, Blairo MaggiJun 07, 2008
In an effort to provide Brazilian leaders with greater exposure to the Washington policy community and advance understanding of Brazilian issues in the United States, the Brazil Institute held the fourth interactive forum of its ongoing leadership discussion series with Governor Blairo Borges Maggi, of the state of Mato Grosso, which has part of its territory in the Amazon biome. The intent of Maggi's visit to the United States was to highlight his administration's efforts to balance and produce positive results for both forest conservation and economic development.
On March 9, 2007, Brazil and the United States signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to deepen their efforts to develop reliable, clean, and sustainable energy sources. One year later, a group of high-level officials and analysts, convened by the Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Association (UNICA) in partnership with the Brazil Institute and the Brazilian Trade and Investment Promotion Agency (APEX-Brasil), came together on March 4, 2008 for a roundtable discussion at the Washington International Renewable Energy Conference (WIREC) 2008 in order to review progress made under the MOU. This report synthesis the proceedings from this seminar.
The Initiative for the Integration of the Regional Infrastructure of South America (IIRSA)—conceived during the 2000 Meeting of South American presidents—is meant to forge links between all South American countries by integrating three strategic economic sectors: transportation, energy, and telecommunications. To discuss these pressing issues, on January 16, 2008, the Brazil Institute and the Wilson Center's Environmental Change and Security Program (ECSP) and Latin American Program co-sponsored a half-day seminar to assess the potential impacts of infrastructure projects planned or underway in the Amazon region.
On February 1, 2008, the Brazil Institute hosted the IV Symposium on International Trade organizedby the Brazilian International Trade Scholars, Inc (ABCI). The half-day seminar featured three panel discussions focusing on the issues of "Unlocking the Doha Round: Perspectives for 2008," "Global Warming and Environmental Preservation: What Options International Trade Law Has To Offer?," and "Revisiting the Possibility of a Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) Between the United States and Brazil."