Latin America Publications
The issues of global climate change, environmental preservation, as well as land use and food security have emerged as dominant themes on the international agenda. Nowhere is the convergence of these issues more apparent than in Brazil—a major food supplier and owner of more than 65 percent of the Amazon rain forest—and, especially, in the state of Mato Grosso. The third largest Brazilian state, Mato Grosso ,borders the southern stretches of the Amazon biome. As Brazil's leading producer of various foodstuffs, the state is at the center of a broader debate about economic development and environmental sustainability. To advance dialogue and promote effective policy that addresses these interlinked issues, the Brazil Institute convened a seminar on December 4, 2008, focused on "Agriculture and Sustainability" with the principal stakeholders.
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This report, based on a conference organized by the Latin American Program and the Brazil Institute, summarizes the multiple and complex perceptions held by Brazilians as well as a host of other countries in the region regarding Brazil's "emergence" as a regional and global power.
Ruling on controversial cases such as abortion and stem cell research, Brazil's Supreme Federal Tribunal (STF) has become a highly visible institution that plays a central role in Brazil's maturing democracy. In his first visit to the U.S. since assuming the rotating presidency of the STF last April, Minister Gilmar Mendes spoke at the Woodrow Wilson Center on October 24, 2008, about constitutional adjudication in Brazil and the challenges of reconciling the protection of fundamental rights with democracy. This Special Report is an original essay written by Gilmar Mendes.
When one thinks of the Amazon, art is rarely the first thing that comes to mind. But it was the Amazon—and specifically, the bustling, ethnically diverse port city of Manaus—that gave Brazil one of its most famous contemporary poets, Thiago de Mello, and a world-renowned orchestra conductor, Claudio Santoro. Manaus is also the birthplace of Milton Hatoum and Márcio Souza, novelists whose creative work have brought renewed attention to Amazonian cultural production. In Part I of this Special Report, Souza highlights the uniqueness of the history and culture of the Amazon and its contribution to Brazilian art.
In Part II of this Special Report on Amazonian literature, Sá synthesizes two chapters from her book Rain Forest Literatures: Amazonian Texts and Latin American Culture and reconceptualizes how indigenous texts are viewed and used in literature, seeing the texts as creative works rather than source material.
On April 30, 2008, Standard & Poor's became the first ratings agency to raise Brazil's foreign debt to investment-grade status. These unprecedented decisions, coupled with the discovery of massive new oil and gas reserves, boosts Brazil's prospects for continued, long-term economic and political stability. To explore the implications of Brazil's investment grade status the Brazil Institute hosted a congressional luncheon in partnership with the Wilson Center's On the Hill program.
Seven of the world's most notably innovative countries—United States, Canada, Ireland, France, United Kingdom, Finland and Japan—have recognized innovation as a key element for improving productivity and competitiveness, as well as advancing social and economic development. Understanding how these countries have succeeded in applying policies, adapting institutions, and using economic incentives and instruments to construct knowledge-based economies was the purpose of an in-depth, ten-month research project, Mobilização Brasileira para a Inovação (Mobit). This report synthesizes the findings of the Mobit study and the proceedings from the seminar.
Brazilian Presidential Race, 2002: Will Lula clear the hurdles ahead? (May 2002)