This report reviews the recent history of US immigration legislation, including new enforcement mandates passed immediately after 9/11 and unsuccessful efforts to pass CIR bills during the 109th and 110th Congresses. This history, together with asymmetries in the political process that favor enforcement-oriented responses, stack the deck against legalization and visa reform. Any possibility of success was further hurt by the timing of the reform debate with respect to the national electoral calendar in 2006-07 and the economic downturn beginning in 2008.
Young, low-skilled immigrants perform essential work, but the rapid growth of low-wage, limited English proficient (LEP), unauthorized populations in states with limited migration experience has contributed to increased anti-immigrant sentiment. Forty years into the current wave of regional migration, and after 25 years of increasingly serious enforcement efforts, this history also defines and limits the policy alternatives available, and highlights the challenges of managing regional flows.
Highlights from 2010
The first issue of PECS News features an article on population dynamics and migration in the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve in Mexico by University of Michigan Fellows Program Associate Jenny Ericson.
This volume offers several of the presentations from a May 2000 this conference which address political and social transition in Mexico, new directions in economic policy, and the changing nature of U.S.-Mexico relations.
Strategic Guidelines for the Competitive and Sustainable Development of the U.S.- Mexico Transborder RegionJul 07, 2011
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Special reports: Environmental Degradation and Migration The U.S.-Mexico Case Study, by The Natural Heritage Institute; and Solving China’s Environmental Problems: Policy Options from the Working Group on Environment in U.S.-China Relations, by Aaron Frank.
This report lists some of the various projects, programs, and activities undertaken by the U.S. government to enhance security at the U.S.-Mexico border and to combat transnational contraband trafficking.
Photo essays by journalist J. Carl Ganter, a member of the Navigating Peace working group, chronicle water and sanitation endeavors in three resource-strapped regions of Mexico.
The Mexican facilitator in the ELN peace talks, Ambassador Andrés Valencia, spoke at an off-the-record session at the Woodrow Wilson Center on June 21, 2005. The document that follows was authorized and cleared by Mexican authorities; it constitutes Ambassador Valencia's first-hand account of the attempt to arrange a meeting on Mexican soil between ELN military leaders and the Mexican facilitating team, an attempt that, after many months, ended in failure.