Nuclear Energy Publications

Going Beyond Nuclear: New Energy Security Realities for Japan and the United States

Mar 28, 2013
The Fukushima nuclear meltdown has forced Japan to reconsider its energy policy, and as the country continues to grapple with the aftermath of the crisis triggered by the March 2011 earthquake, public opinion remains deeply divided about the country’s future energy policy including nuclear power. The United States, too, is facing its own challenges, as a bonanza in natural gas within its borders in recent years is redefining the meaning of energy independence. How both countries are looking beyond petroleum to meet their respective energy needs, and prospects for alternative energy sources including nuclear power, were the topics of discussion at the latest Japan-U.S. Joint Public Policy Forum, held in Tokyo on October 31, 2012.

Issue Brief #2 - How to Become a Customer: Lessons from the Nuclear Negotiations between the U.S., Canada and Romania in the 1960s

Mar 15, 2013
Despite their recent popularity and apparent utility, civil nuclear cooperation agreement negotiations are fraught with the possibility of deception as evidence from Romania in the 1960s and 1970s suggests.

Changing Energy: Canada and the United States

Feb 07, 2013
Americans are generally surprised to learn that more of the energy that the United States imports comes from Canada than from any other country. Really, you say? The United States imports 2.7 million barrels of crude oil and refined products from Canada every day, representing 24 percent of total petroleum imports—about twice what is imported from Saudi Arabia.

Origins and Evolution of the Brazilian Nuclear Program (1947-2011)

Nov 15, 2012
New documents released by Fundacao Getulio Vargas trace the evolution of the Brazilian nuclear program, from its early beginnings in 1947, to the establishment of its top secret civilian-military program in 1978, and up to the modern day.

Between Aid and Restriction: Changing Soviet Policies toward China’s Nuclear Weapons Program: 1954-1960

May 22, 2012
Based on newly-available archival material from Chinese sources, NPIHP Working Paper #2 explores the relationship between Soviet Union and China during the 1950s and 1960s as the latter sought to establish their atomic industry and develop a nuclear weapon with Soviet scientific and technological assistance.

Japan and the United States After the Great East Japan Earthquake

May 22, 2012
Read the summary of the most recent Japan-U.S. Joint Public Policy Forum. The forum was held in Tokyo to discuss the U.S.-Japan bilateral alliance after the March, 2011, earthquake and tsunami related disasters in Japan, and was co-sponsored by the Wilson Center and the Sasakawa Peace Foundation.

Taiwan's Energy Conundrum

May 22, 2012
Asia Program Special Report No. 146 by Ssu-Li Chang, Herng-Shinn Hwang, Chi-Yuan Liang, and Hongyi Lai. Edited by Bryce Wakefield.

The Elephant in the Room: The Soviet Union and India’s Nuclear Program, 1967-1989

Nov 17, 2011
NPIHP Working Paper #1. If India had presented the world with a nuclear fait accompli, the eminent Indian journalist Amalendu Das Gupta mused in 1987, “the Americans and their allies would have been angry; the Russians would have been unhappy."

U.S. and British Combined to Delay Pakistani Nuclear Weapons Program in 1978-1981, Declassified Documents Show

Jul 25, 2011
Early Phase of Campaign Brought U.S.-Pakistani Relations to Their “Lowest EBB,” said General Zia

62. The Limits of Conditionality: Nuclear Reactor Safety in Central and Eastern Europe, 1991 - 2000

Jul 07, 2011
Against the background of the academic and policy debate surrounding conditionality, this paper examines its role in the nuclear sector. It begins with an overview of the nuclear safety problems that became apparent shortly after the collapse of communism and the West's response to these problems. This article then offers case studies of three countries – Bulgaria, Slovakia, and Lithuania – that are especially interesting for having been subject both to conditionality linked to financial incentives and conditionality arising from their bids to become EU members. A concluding section analyzes the record of conditionality in the nuclear safety sphere and draws overall conclusions about its effectiveness as an instrument of international policy.