Nuclear Weapons Publications

Exploring Nuclear Latency

Feb 25, 2015
Nuclear latency can be viewed as the possession of many or all of the technologies, facilities, materials, expertise (including tacit knowledge), resources and other capabilities necessary for the development of nuclear weapons, without full operational weaponization. This workshop report explores the relationship between nuclear latency and contemporary nonproliferation efforts, including historical case studies.

Forecasting Nuclear War

Nov 13, 2014
Between 1981 and 1989 the foreign intelligence branches of the Soviet KGB and the East German Ministry of State Security launched a combined effort to develop a system for detecting signs of an impending western nuclear first strike. Codenamed “Project RYaN”, this early-warning system constituted one part of the Soviet response to the perceived threat of a surprise “decapitation” strike by NATO nuclear forces.
Portrait of R.F. "Pik" Botha

Advance Warning: Reagan and South Africa's Nuclear Testing Promise

Oct 29, 2014
Or Rabinowitz explores the nuclear understanding between Ronald Reagan and South African Foreign Minister R.F. "Pik" Botha on South African Nuclear testing.

The Breach: Ukraine's Territorial Integrity and the Budapest Memorandum

Sep 30, 2014
Mariana Budjeryn investigates the security assurances made by the United States and Russia to Ukraine after the fall of the Soviet Union. These assurances, inscribed in the so-called “Budapest Memorandum” were designed to encourage Ukraine to ratify START I—otherwise known as the Lisbon Protocol—and return their entire nuclear arsenal to Russia for dismantling.
The Euromissile Crisis and the End of the Cold War, edited by Leopoldo Nuti, Frédéric Bozo, Marie-Pierre Rey, and Bernd Rother

The Euromissile Crisis and the End of the Cold War

Jul 31, 2014
The Euromissile Crisis and the End of the Cold War explores the origins, unfolding, and consequences of the crisis surrounding the proposed deployment of new generations of nuclear missile delivery systems across Eastern and Western Europe in the later years of the Cold War.

"To the people of Israel, this could, one day, become a mortal danger"

Jun 12, 2014
Or Rabinowitz examines Israeli PM Menachem Begin's 1979 letter to Margaret Thatcher regarding Pakistan's nuclear program.
Saddam Husayn and Islam, 1968–2003: Ba'thi Iraq from Secularism to Faith by Amatzia Baram

Saddam Husayn and Islam, 1968–2003: Ba'thi Iraq from Secularism to Faith

Mar 06, 2014
Saddam Husayn and Islam, 1968–2003 offers an intellectual history of the Baʿth Party from the 1940s through 2003. Amatzia Baram focuses on the transition from its early insistence on “unity, freedom, and socialism” to its Islamization by the time it was toppled by US forces in 2003.

Proliferation Watch: US Intelligence Assessments of Potential Nuclear Powers, 1977–2001

Dec 13, 2013
This research update co-published with the National Security Archive includes the publication of recently declassified satellite photographs of the South African Nuclear Test site from 1977, a new release of a CIA report on the September 1979 South Atlantic Mystery Flash, and Department of Energy and Defense Intelligence Agency Reports illuminating pre-war controversy over the Iraqi procurement of aluminum tubes for an alleged gas centrifuge program

The Pervez Case, Pakistani Nuclear Procurement, and Reagan Administration Nonproliferation Policy, 1987

Nov 22, 2013
The arrest of a Pakistani national, Arshed Pervez in July 1987 on charges of illegal nuclear procurement roiled U.S.-Pakistan relations and sharpened divisions within the Reagan administration, according to recently declassified documents published today by the National Security Archive and the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project.

The Avner Cohen Collection

Oct 03, 2013
The Avner Cohen Collection features exciting new materials regarding the development of the Israeli nuclear program, including interviews with key policymakers and scientists from Israel, the United States, and France that shed new light on the development of the Israeli nuclear program.