This book comparatively explores the obstacles countries face in sustaining and consolidating democratic systems. Topics include social services, poverty, and inequality, specific case studies, and how government policy and development practices improve the quality of life of citizens in democratic regimes.
The 1999 issue of the ECSP Report includes features on population, urbanization, environment, and security; agriculture and conflict; and environmental change, security, and social conflicts in the Brazilian Amazon. Complete report.
One important conclusion to be drawn from this analysis is the urgent need for environmental sustainability—for sustainable use, sustainable consumption, sustainable development—in ways that do not enrich current generations at the expense of future ones.
Summaries include Banking the 'Demographic Dividend' with David E. Bloom; Linking Health, Environment, and Community Development, with Mechai Viravaidya; and Good Water Makes Good Neighbors, with Gidon Bromberg and Abdel-Rahman Sultan.
Marc Levy and Patrick Philippe Meier recommend that assessments and early warning systems integrate environmental variables more completely and effectively. The authors assert that the international system has little capacity to monitor and assess conflict and cooperation on environmental issues.
Because of the endeavors to bring in the churches as associates for the building up of a real socialist society, anti-church policies and an aggressive atheist propaganda have been abandoned in some countries. Fundamentally, a similar tendency can be observed at work in the Soviet Union. The existence of the church is more or less accepted or tolerated and the fight against religion is, in some publications,presented as a fight against those social roots from which religion arises.
Urdal's analysis finds that population growth, land scarcity, and urbanization do not greatly influence patterns of war and peace, with a few exceptions.
Natural resource-related conflicts are the predominant types of conflict in northern Nigeria, according to research by Anthony Nyong. Predicted climactic changes will affect patterns of distribution and availability, and potentially further exacerbate conflict, he writes.
Experts review new publications.
PECS News Issue 3 features a report from the Wilson Center's forum on HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa, and an article on urban health in megacities by University of Michigan International Development Associate Brian Hubbard.