November 2004 - Over the past 15 years, a fascinating experiment has taken place in Europe regarding the codification of minority rights. As communism collapsed in 1989, several ethnic conflicts broke out in the Caucuses and Balkans, and commentators feared that ethnic violence would spiral out of control throughout Central and Eastern Europe. In response, Western democracies decided to "internationalize" the treatment of national minorities in postcommunist Europe, creating a pan-European regime to monitor whether countries are meeting European standards in the treatment of their minorities. Some of these standards have been formulated by the High Commissioner on National Minorities of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)–a position established in 1993. Other standards were formulated by the Council of Europe (COE) in its 1995 "Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities." Complying with these OSCE and COE standards is required for countries to ‘join the West,' and in particular to join the European Union (EU) and NATO.
The 2002 issue of the Environmental Change and Security Program Report features 19 commentaries by experts worldwide on the most important issues for the Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development and beyond. Complete report.
Issue 8 features an article on monitoring and evaluation approaches for integrated population, health, and environment programming, as well as event summaries, and a review of the UNFPA's State of World Population 2002.
The Global Family Planning Revolution, Return of the Population Growth Factor, and Population Issues in the 21st Century: The Role of the World BankJul 07, 2011
A trio of reports released in 2007—two from the World Bank, one from the UK Parliament—examine the past, present, and future of family planning programs, highlighting best practices and lessons learned, and offering recommendations for next steps.
The authors ask whether societies with an abnormal ratio between men and women are less secure.
Th author addresses issues including migration to urban centers, the immediate environmental and health impacts of urban pollution on developing country cities, and the link between crime and security.
Severely eroded and deforested, Ethiopia's land is increasingly turning to desert, due to the country's high population growth, unsustainable land use, and lack of land ownership. Featuring footage from Sean Peoples' trip to Ethiopia last year, this video looks at the efforts of two projects to address the country's complex challenges with integrated solutions.
Summaries of the past year's ECSP meetings and highlights from the environment, population, and security activities of academic programs, foundations, nongovernmental organizations, government offices, and intergovernmental organizations.
The first issue of PECS News features an article on population dynamics and migration in the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve in Mexico by University of Michigan Fellows Program Associate Jenny Ericson.
ECSP Report 12 analyzes conflicts over natural resources, which are increasingly depleted by population growth, environmental degradation, poverty, and over-consumption. Complete report.