Security and Defense Publications
Literature that has come to the attention of ECSP in the past year on population, environmental change, and security issues.
At its root, the importance of the link between demography and war is the relative capacity of a given political unit’s population to aid in its defense or to threaten other political units, writes Monica Duffy Toft.
In the 1996 issue of ECSP's annual report, Miriam R. Lowi writes about water disputes in the Middle East; Dennis Pirages explores "microsecurity"; and Thomas Homer-Dixon discusses findings from a project on environment, population, and security. Complete report.
When NATO adopted Partnership for Peace (PFP) at the Brussels Summit in January 1994, few had any notion of how important and essential the PFP program would actually become. Just as PFP had matured into a fundamental program not originally envisioned by its architects, the MAP process contains the same potential. Consequently, it is time to assess the first year defense planning experiences of the new NATO members and of the nine MAP partners in order to suggest improvements to ensure the program's success.
A series of three conferences were held during the Spring of 2000 to discuss issues such as: environmental and sustainable initiatives in the Amazon Basin; the roles of local, national, and international actors; Brazil's national security agenda in relation to the Amazon Basin; and the rising threat of international drug trafficking. This volume is a compilation of papers presented.
Experts review new publications.
Marc Levy and Patrick Philippe Meier recommend that assessments and early warning systems integrate environmental variables more completely and effectively. The authors assert that the international system has little capacity to monitor and assess conflict and cooperation on environmental issues.
Climate change has never drawn this much attention from the security community, especially in the United States, where the environmental security field is emerging from the shadows.
The essays in this report reflect an effort to provide background and context for understanding Iran's relations with Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, Nicaragua, and Venezuela; the articles emphasize the foreign policy objectives and strategies of Latin American nations as well as the strategic objectives of the Iranian government. Originally presented at a conference at the Woodrow Wilson Center in July 2008, the papers have since been revised, translated, and updated.
Below are excerpts from recent official statements in which environment and population issues are prominently cited in the context of security and national interests.