Security and Defense Publications
Ukraine’s military, recently defeated in its Anti-Terrorist Operation against separatists in the east, must address massive materiel, training, and leadership deficiencies. Having suffered years of budgetary and administrative neglect, its armed forces and defense industrial complex cannot hope to fight Russia in their current state. U.S. security assistance to Ukraine should focus in the short term on supplies to sustain its troops over the winter and in the medium term on support for comprehensive military reform, but providing American weapons would engender a proxy war with Russia without really improving Ukraine’s combat capability.
The arrival at the U.S. border in 2013–14 of tens of thousands of unaccompanied migrant children from Central America is unprecedented. Factors driving them include both longstanding challenges—chronic violence, economic despair, official corruption, and the pull of family reunification—and the myth recently disseminated by greedy traffickers of lenient U.S. immigration policy. The United States, while taking steps to deter further migration, should also focus intensively on the long term factors.
Now for the Hard Part: Renewing Regional Cooperation on Critical Infrastructure Security and ResilienceSep 22, 2014
Even before NAFTA and 9/11, the United States, Canada, and Mexico all recognized the need to secure critical infrastructure and to collaborate with their continental neighbors in doing so. This paper identifies challenges to critical infrastructure security and resilience (CISR) among the countries and provides recommendations for going forward.
Homicide in El Salvador’s Municipalities: Spatial Clusters and the Causal Role of Neighborhood Effects, Population Pressures, Poverty, and EducationJul 14, 2014
Matthew C. Ingram and Karise M. Curtis have joined together to use some innovative analytical tools to study homicides in El Salvador.
Or Rabinowitz examines Israeli PM Menachem Begin's 1979 letter to Margaret Thatcher regarding Pakistan's nuclear program.
This working paper explores the rise of citizens' self-defense groups in Mexico’s western state of Michoacán. It is based on extensive field research. The militias arguably mark the most significant social and political development in Mexico's seven years of criminal hyper-violence. Their surprisingly effective response to a large criminal organization has put the government in a dilemma of if, and how, it plans to permanently incorporate the volatile organizations into the government’s security strategy.
Professor Xiaobo Hu counsels that the United States should give priority to the promotion of peaceful relations across the Taiwan Strait, and to the maintenance of stable and constructive ties with both Taipei and Beijing. Toward those ends, Hu argues, Washington should undertake a comprehensive review of the TRA and the policy of “strategic ambiguity” that has characterized U.S. Taiwan Strait policy for many years.
In shaping the institutions of a new country, what interventions from international actors lead to success and failure? Creating Kosovo highlights efforts to build Kosovo's police force, the central government, courts, and a customs service, and challenges the premise that local “ownership” leads to more effective state bureaucracies.
The newsletter of the Latin American Program, Brazil Institute, and Mexico Institute
In this publication international experts address the utility of comparing Colombia and Mexico’s experiences and strategy for combatting organized crime and violence more generally.