Security and Defense Publications

Iran’s Nuclear Program: A Shift in the Winds?

Nov 27, 2012
In the wake of President Obama’s reelection, senior Iranian officials close to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei are speaking publicly of direct talks with the United States over Iran’s nuclear program. But it remains unclear if Khamenei is ready. His deep suspicions of the United States and reservations regarding the utility of negotiations with Washington remain in place.

Policy Brief: Dealing with a Rising China

Nov 15, 2012
Washington and Beijing both consider good bilateral relations to be vital, but their growing strategic rivalry has the potential to evolve into mutual antagonism. In this new policy brief, published as the new leadership was announced in Beijing, China expert Stapleton Roy argues that the US should focus on regional engagement through multilateral organizations like ASEAN, as opposed to its military presence in the region.

Origins and Evolution of the Brazilian Nuclear Program (1947-2011)

Nov 15, 2012
New documents released by Fundacao Getulio Vargas trace the evolution of the Brazilian nuclear program, from its early beginnings in 1947, to the establishment of its top secret civilian-military program in 1978, and up to the modern day.

A 21st Century Vision for U.S. Global Media

Nov 15, 2012
Drawing on past work supported by the Cold War International History Program, the A. Ross Johnson and R. Eugene Parta apply lessons from successful U.S. international broadcasting during the Cold War to today’s transformed geopolitical, media, and technological world. They suggest a restatement of mission and corresponding organizational changes to ensure that international broadcasting remains an effective instrument of U.S. soft power – one supporting freedom and democracy abroad in the national interest.

2011 Social Media + Emergency Management Camp: Transforming the Response Enterprise

Nov 07, 2012
By harnessing the collective power of citizens and engaging communities in their own response and recovery, social media have the power to revolutionize emergency management. Yet, many challenges—including guidelines for use by response agencies, demonstration of value, and characterization of reliability—must be addressed if the potential of social media is to be fully realized in emergency response and relief efforts in the United States.

Declassified 1964 National Intelligence Estimate Predicts India’s Bomb But Not Israel’s

Nov 06, 2012
The US intelligence community predicted India’s nuclear bomb in 1964 but mistakenly concluded Israel had “not yet decided” to go nuclear, according to newly declassified documents posted today by the National Security Archive and the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project.

Sharing Space with our Hemispheric Partners

Oct 02, 2012
The final report of the Latino Leadership Task Force is a call to action for Washington to prioritize partners and markets in the Western Hemisphere, and to engage the Latino community as partners in the effort. The report urges Washington to enact hemispheric policy that better reflects changing demographics in the United States and the growing influence of the U.S. Latino community, which drives desperately needed job creation and growth in the United States.

Responding to Liability: Evaluating and Reducing Tort Liability for Digital Volunteers

Sep 14, 2012
Major emergencies and crises can overwhelm local resources. In the last several years, self-organized digital volunteers have begun leveraging the power of social media and “crowd-mapping” for collaborative crisis response. Rather than mobilizing a physical response, these digital volunteer groups have responded virtually by creating software applications, monitoring social networks, aggregating data, and creating “crowdsourced” maps to assist both survivors and the formal response community. These virtual responses can subject digital volunteers to tort liability. This report evaluates the precise contours of potential liability for digital volunteers.

Drug Trafficking and Organized Crime in the Americas: Major Trends in the Twenty-First Century

Aug 01, 2012
In this new publication, Bruce Bagley examines adaptations and trends in the illicit drug economy over the last several decades.

A Time For Change?: Japan's "Peace" Constitution at 65

Jul 03, 2012
Constitutional revision is a perennial topic in Japanese political discussion, with Article 9—which renounces war and the threat or use of force as a means of settling international disputes—subject to particularly vigorous debate. This new Asia Program publication asks whether it’s not “A Time for Change” for Japan’s “Peace Constitution.”