Soviet Union Publications

The Inter-Church Peace Council and the Nuclear Arms Race

Sep 14, 2015
Ruud van Dijk and Joppe Shaaper explore the political factors and ideological influences that shaped the origins of the Inter-Church Peace Council (IKV) and its campaign against the Nuclear Arms Race. The origins of the IKV campaign inform our understanding of the wider debate over nuclear weapons in the 1970s, détente and the Cold War, and the shift in thinking about the importance of nuclear weapons in international politics.

Mexican-Soviet relations, 1958-1964: The Limits of Engagement

Sep 03, 2015
In CWIHP e-Dossier No. 65, author Vanni Pettinà explores the relationship between Mexico and the Soviet Union in the tumultuous period of late 1950s and early 1960s Latin America.

Ukraine and Soviet Nuclear History

Aug 12, 2015
Ukraine’s scientists and nuclear infrastructure played a significant role in the development of the Soviet nuclear program, especially in its first stages. Recently declassified documents demonstrate that Ukrainian nuclear scientists were among the first in the USSR to propose the correct fundamental design for the atomic bomb.

Prelude to the Euromissile Crisis

Aug 03, 2015
Ruud van Dijk explores the extent to which the Dutch government influenced NATO's decision not to deploy enhanced radiation weapons (ERW) in Western Europe, and how that decision might have avoided further escalation and tensions in the cold war.
The Regional Cold Wars in Europe, East Asia, and the Middle East: Crucial Periods and Turning Points, edited by Lorenz M. Lüthi

The Regional Cold Wars in Europe, East Asia, and the Middle East: Crucial Periods and Turning Points

May 21, 2015
The Regional Cold Wars in Europe, East Asia, and the Middle East systematically explores the crucial turning points in the Cold War on all of its diverse fronts and examines the mutual interconnections of events in diverse regional Cold War theaters.

Russia's Policy in the Run-Up to the First North Korean Nuclear Crisis, 1991-1993

Feb 13, 2015
Sergey Radchenko draws on Soviet and Russian documents from 1991-1993 to argue that the first North Korean crisis began partly as a result of the policy choices of key regional players. Radchenko investigates Russia’s policy towards North Korea during this period, and how this policy may have inadvertently complicated the situation on the Korean Peninsula.

The Algerian Revolution and the Communist Bloc

Feb 10, 2015
The onset of the Algerian War of Independence in November 1954 was an important development in the international history of the Cold War. Coming as it did on the heels of the end of the First Indochinese War, the Algerian conflict further emboldened national liberation forces throughout the colonial and semi-colonial world, a region of increasing importance to policymakers in Washington and Moscow. Pierre Asselin introduces documents from the Algerian National Archives on socialist bloc support for Algerian National Liberation Front.

China and Eastern Europe from the 1960 Moscow Conference to Khrushchev’s Removal

Dec 29, 2014
Niu Jun introduces translations of thirty-five documents from the now closed Chinese Foreign Ministry Archive. The documents demonstrate the decisive role played by Sino-Soviet relation in shaping China-Eastern European relations and reflect the re-radicalization of Chinese foreign policy in the early 1960s.

The Soviet-Vietnamese Intelligence Relationship during the Vietnam War

Dec 10, 2014
In CWIHP Working Paper No. 73, "The Soviet-Vietnamese Intelligence Relationship during the Vietnam War: Cooperation and Conflict," Merle Pribbenow explores the role played by Soviet Union’s intelligence agencies, namely the KGB and the GRU, in the Vietnam War.

Forecasting Nuclear War

Nov 13, 2014
Between 1981 and 1989 the foreign intelligence branches of the Soviet KGB and the East German Ministry of State Security launched a combined effort to develop a system for detecting signs of an impending western nuclear first strike. Codenamed “Project RYaN”, this early-warning system constituted one part of the Soviet response to the perceived threat of a surprise “decapitation” strike by NATO nuclear forces.