Ukraine’s scientists and nuclear infrastructure played a significant role in the development of the Soviet nuclear program, especially in its first stages. Recently declassified documents demonstrate that Ukrainian nuclear scientists were among the first in the USSR to propose the correct fundamental design for the atomic bomb.
To help Ukraine avert disaster, the United States and Europe need a strategy for providing political and economic support that matches available resources to the complex reality of Ukraine’s economy, politics, and society, and that encourages the emergence of a Ukrainian-led vision for the country's future.
This article is based in large part on a conference organized in April 2015 by the Kennan Institute, in partnership with, and with financial support from, the Henry M. Jackson Foundation, to explore the history, effectiveness, and evolution of sanctions as a tool of American foreign policy.
Marlene Laruelle argues that the United States should engage more in the Arctic as a means of establishing cooperation patterns with Russia after the Ukraine crisis. Furthermore, priority should be given to join projects and information sharing, and Russia should be supported in its efforts to open and securitize the Northern Sea Route.
Ambassador Fried's prepared remarks for April 16, 2015 conference titled, "Assessing U.S. Sanctions: Impact, Effectiveness, Consequences."
Matthew Rojansky and Michael Kofman examine the significance of Russian actions in Crimea and Donbas, and the implications for broader regional security.
A lot has been written about the Euromaidan in Ukraine. Many have written about their memories. Oral histories are being recorded. But what were people saying, at the time, as events were unfolding?
Jan H. Kalicki analyzes the central role energy plays in the crisis in Ukraine, and the role it will continue to play for both Ukraine and Russia.
Leonid Peisakhin reviews the causes and events of the Euromaidan with a year's perspective.