Securing the gains of revolution is often more difficult than the act of insurrection itself. The 2014 Maidan uprising has proven to be no exception to this rule, and despite notable achievements over the past two years, a growing consensus now exists that the reform process has hit a considerable, and potentially fatal roadblock: the prosecutor’s office.
Despite continuing reports of sporadic shelling in eastern Ukraine and breaches of the Minsk agreement, there is hope that the heavy fighting may be drawing to a close. But the human toll of the war will continue to be felt in Ukraine for a long time to come, especially the psychological wounds that the war has inflicted on the country’s soldiers and the civilian population.
Roots of Russia’s War in Ukraine presents four perspectives on the origins of the ongoing war in Ukraine that began in February 2014, concentrating on Russian motivations and intentions.
Ukraine’s scientists and nuclear infrastructure played a significant role in the development of the Soviet nuclear program, especially in its first stages. Recently declassified documents demonstrate that Ukrainian nuclear scientists were among the first in the USSR to propose the correct fundamental design for the atomic bomb.
To help Ukraine avert disaster, the United States and Europe need a strategy for providing political and economic support that matches available resources to the complex reality of Ukraine’s economy, politics, and society, and that encourages the emergence of a Ukrainian-led vision for the country's future.
This article is based in large part on a conference organized in April 2015 by the Kennan Institute, in partnership with, and with financial support from, the Henry M. Jackson Foundation, to explore the history, effectiveness, and evolution of sanctions as a tool of American foreign policy.
Marlene Laruelle argues that the United States should engage more in the Arctic as a means of establishing cooperation patterns with Russia after the Ukraine crisis. Furthermore, priority should be given to join projects and information sharing, and Russia should be supported in its efforts to open and securitize the Northern Sea Route.
Ambassador Fried's prepared remarks for April 16, 2015 conference titled, "Assessing U.S. Sanctions: Impact, Effectiveness, Consequences."
Matthew Rojansky and Michael Kofman examine the significance of Russian actions in Crimea and Donbas, and the implications for broader regional security.