West Africa Publications
The author outlines the patterns of accumulation surrounding oil, and their implications for conflict in Nigeria.
The first issue of PECS News features an article on population dynamics and migration in the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve in Mexico by University of Michigan Fellows Program Associate Jenny Ericson.
Natural resource-related conflicts are the predominant types of conflict in northern Nigeria, according to research by Anthony Nyong. Predicted climactic changes will affect patterns of distribution and availability, and potentially further exacerbate conflict, he writes.
PECS News Issue 2 includes reports from events on environmental security in Africa, an article on integrating gender into WWF's programs in Nepal, and a review of Gunther Baechler's Violence Through Environmental Discrimination.
Experience has increasingly shown that the abundance of natural resources does not necessarily produce rapid development in countries where they are found. Instead, paradoxically, they all too often produce poverty, conflict and corruption whose consequences become increasingly widespread and impact development, not only in the country in question, but more broadly in an interconnected world. The rapidly globalizing world means that these consequences transcend boundaries and threaten stability of both the developed and developing world. It is therefore common sense that a search for the reversal of this disturbing trend becomes a global collective.
How can environmental cooperation be used to bolster regional peace? A large body of research suggests that environmental degradation may catalyze violent conflict. Environmental cooperation, in contrast, has gone almost unexplored as a means of peacemaking, even though it opens several effective channels: enhancing trust, establishing habits of cooperation, lengthening the time horizons of decisionmakers, forging cooperative trans-societal linkages, and creating shared regional norms and identities.More about this title can be found on the Wilson Center Press website.
Contents:-Forward by Steven Friedman-"The Urban Impact", Mary Crewe and Karen Michael-"The Role and Capacity of Local Government", Maria Elena Ducci and Sibongiseni Dhlomo-"The Role of National Government in Supporting Local Government", Gugu Molloi and Samson James Opolot-"The Way Forward", Cathy Mbeki, Rebecca Black and Shan Naidu-Wrap-up, Earl Kessler-Closing Remarks, Gilbert KhadiagalaThis document is not available for download. To request an electronic version, please email email@example.com
Governance on the Ground shows people at a local level working through municipal institutions to take more responsibility for their own lives and environment. This study reports what social scientists in eight local networks found when they chose their own subjects for a worldwide comparative study of institutional reform at the local level. Governance on the Ground is the culminating product of the Global Urban Research Initiative, a major 1990s research effort that created a worldwide network of some 400 social scientistsMore about this title can be found on the Wilson Center Press website.
Conflict and Cooperation: Making the Case for Environmental Pathways to Peacebuilding in the Great Lakes RegionJul 07, 2011
Policy paper on ways in which natural resource cooperation can lead to peace in Central Africa
Beyond Free and Fair Elections: Monitoring Elections and Building Democracy draws on worldwide experience since the mid-1980s to evaluate international election monitoring and domestic monitoring, and their contributions to democracy promotion and democratic change. In this book, Eric Bjornlund provides an overview of what election monitoring is, where it comes from, and how it is currently conducted, and he educes general lessons for democracy promotion. Björnlund reports on actual practice, including case studies of particular election monitoring efforts and the author's own experience in the field, and on a few previous efforts to synthesize guidelines and lessons learned.More about this title can be found on the Wilson Center Press website.