Not at the Cost of China: India and the United Nations Security Council, 1950

Mar 11, 2015
Author Anton Harder examines the controversy surrounding India's role in the United Nations Security Council in the 1950s. Using Indian archival material from the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, this paper shows that America's interest in seeing India join the Security Council was motivated by the emergence of the People's Republic of China as a regional power, and that this episode was an early example of the United States attempting to use the United Nations to further its own Cold War interests.

Announcing the 2015 Nuclear History Boot Camp Participants

Mar 10, 2015
Biographies of the 18 participants at the Nuclear History Boot Camp

Expansion or Contraction? Women’s Rights in the MENA Region in 2015

Mar 06, 2015
On the occasion of International Women’s Day 2015, the Middle East Program at the Wilson Center invited a cross-section of women activists, politicians, academics, and entrepreneurs to give us their views on the situation for women in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). This publication, “Expansion or Contraction? Women’s Rights in the MENA Region in 2015” includes pieces from 43 women from 22 countries including Egypt, Yemen, Lebanon, and other countries in the MENA region, plus the United States, Austria, Indonesia, and Sudan, who shared with us their concerns and hopes for women.

Kennan Cable No.5: Euromaidan Revisited: Causes of Regime Change in Ukraine One Year On

Feb 26, 2015
Leonid Peisakhin reviews the causes and events of the Euromaidan with a year's perspective.

Exploring Nuclear Latency

Feb 25, 2015
Nuclear latency can be viewed as the possession of many or all of the technologies, facilities, materials, expertise (including tacit knowledge), resources and other capabilities necessary for the development of nuclear weapons, without full operational weaponization. This workshop report explores the relationship between nuclear latency and contemporary nonproliferation efforts, including historical case studies.

Warming Up a Cooling War: An Introductory Guide on the CIAS and Other Globally Operating Anti-communist Networks at the Beginning of the Cold War Decade of Détente

Feb 20, 2015
In CWIHP Working Paper #75, Torben Gülstorff examines the history of the CIAS (Comité international d’Information et d’Action Sociale), an international, anti-communist network that became a central component of the global anti-communist movement after 1945. Focusing on the period between 1957 and 1965, the paper highlights the unique global nature of CIAS and the role they played in supporting anti-communist domestic and foreign policies of their respective home governments.

A Global Choke Point Report: China's Water-Energy-Food Roadmap

Feb 18, 2015
The water-energy-food choke point is forcing a new reckoning. Three colliding trends—declining freshwater reserves, booming energy demand, and uncertain grain supplies—are disrupting economies, governments, and environments around the world. As the world’s most populous country and biggest energy consumer, China’s energy, food, and environmental security is threatened as it hits these choke points. How Chinese policymakers deal with these water-energy-food confrontations will have significant domestic and global consequences.

Russia's Policy in the Run-Up to the First North Korean Nuclear Crisis, 1991-1993

Feb 13, 2015
Sergey Radchenko draws on Soviet and Russian documents from 1991-1993 to argue that the first North Korean crisis began partly as a result of the policy choices of key regional players. Radchenko investigates Russia’s policy towards North Korea during this period, and how this policy may have inadvertently complicated the situation on the Korean Peninsula.

China in Space: How Europe and the United States Can Align Their Views and Boost Cooperation

Feb 12, 2015
The European Union, through a series of collaborative projects, has built a relationship of trust with China regarding civilian uses of space. The United States, however, has withheld cooperation with China on space technology, and the U.S.-Chinese relationship has been characterized by mistrust. The transatlantic allies should create avenues for U.S.-European dialogue about China and space, and should also work on joint projects to establish standards for uses of space that all three parties can respect.

ISIS: Many Faces, Different Battles

Feb 12, 2015
Ottaway writes that ISIS has at least three components: ISIS as a proto-state, ISIS as part of an Islamist network, and ISIS as a state of mind. These different aspects of ISIS cannot be fought with the same means, and policies that might help against one of these components may make attempts to combat the others more difficult.