"The collapse of the Somali central government and the ensuing anarchy resulted in major insecurity that compelled the indigenous population to seek alternative means to safeguard its livelihood. This led to the proliferation of non-state security actors, the rise in their legitimacy, and the emergence of hybridized security sector governance. This paper argues for the use of hybridized security governance to consolidate peace and state building in contemporary Somalia and gives insight into how neighboring countries and the international community might support Somali efforts to preserve peace. It suggests that the Somalia Federal Government should decentralize security sector governance and integrate traditional justice remedies and local militias into the governance structure with well-articulated roles and a system of accountability."
RT is rapidly transforming itself into an American-style whistle-blower, relentlessly reporting on America's democratic deficiencies and malfeasance, at home and abroad.
Ukrainians have voted, and they have overwhelmingly chosen to stay the course on European integration. Late last month, pro-European parties won a sweeping victory in parliamentary elections that saw allies of Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko and Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk come out on top. But while Europe and the United States are celebrating the outcome as a strategic victory for the West, the election result itself simply builds on the slogans of last winter's Euromaidan Revolution. The trouble is that in Ukraine, such rhetoric has all too often led to disappointment.
Bernd Schaefer introduces newly translated documents from West German archives to explore the convergence of interests between Mao Zedong's China and politicians in West Germany in the 1970s.
Canada currently exports 99% of it's oil to the United States. Pipeline infrastructure is at capacity. This has resulted in various proposals to get Canadian oil to new markets.
Papers from the Oct. 28, 2014 event on citizen security in Monterrey, Mexico.
A summary report on the October 15, 2014 conference on tax reform in Mexico, co-hosted by the Latin American Program and CEPAL in Mexico City. (IN SPANISH)
Or Rabinowitz explores the nuclear understanding between Ronald Reagan and South African Foreign Minister R.F. "Pik" Botha on South African Nuclear testing.
WASHINGTON — Vladimir Yevtushenkov, an oligarch under house arrest in Moscow since mid-September on charges of money laundering, may or may not be guilty of any wrongdoing. But he is different from many of his ilk in one important way: He is one of the rare moguls who lives and pays taxes in Russia but directly owns a major stake in his London-listed company Sistema. The vast majority of his peers operate through chains of shell-companies that lead to obscure off-shore havens.
The 2015 budget debate is the first since Mexico's 2013 fiscal reform was implemented, offering an important opportunity to analyze the impact of the tax policy changes on public income, and consequently, on expenditures. Three issues—tax collection, public expenditure, and the national debt—are explored in this article, all in the context of Mexico’s structural reforms and brightening yet somewhat volatile economic prospects.