Digital DNA: The Nagoya Protocol, Intellectual Property Treaties, and Synthetic Biology

Dec 08, 2015
A new report looks at the implications of the Nagoya Protocol of the United Nations’ Convention on Biological Diversity for synthetic biology.

Why is the Idea of Female Western Jihadists a Mystery?

Dec 07, 2015
Hasna Aitboulahcen, a 26-year-old ISIS recruit, was among the terrorists associated with the November 13 Paris attacks. Tashfeen Malik is the woman accused of, along with her husband Syed Rizwan Farook, killing 14 people in a shooting in San Bernardino, California on December 2. Why are such women considered a “mystery” when the phenomenon of female jihadists—including Western female jihadists—is not new?

Managing Intellectual Property Rights in Citizen Science: A Guide for Researchers and Citizen Scientists

Dec 07, 2015
A comprehensive guide to navigating intellectual property rights in the growing field of public participation in scientific research.

Across the Lines of Conflict: Facilitating Cooperation to Build Peace

Dec 04, 2015
Across the Lines of Conflict presents peacebuilding initiatives that use interactive conflict resolution techniques. Through a comparative analysis of six case studies, the authors assess the successes and failures of this particular approach to conflict resolution, and draw conclusions about the conditions under which such interactive approaches work.

How to Counter Jihadist Appeal among Western European Muslims

Dec 03, 2015
Worldwide terrorism connected with the jihadist insurgencies in Syria and Iraq emerges disproportionately among second- and third-generation Muslim youth from Western Europe. Many of them identify neither with Europeansociety nor with their countries of origin, but find in jihadist propaganda anidentity in a transcendent “nation of Islam.” Governments should prepare community leaders to identify and intervene with at-risk youth and should enhance and coordinate efforts to counter jihadist propaganda both online and in local communities.

Iraq has Fragmented: Can it be Put Back Together?

Dec 02, 2015
U.S. policy in Iraq is based on the assumption that a more inclusive and democratic government in Baghdad can prevent the country from fragmenting. In reality, Iraq has already fragmented, with many centers of power controlling different regions. If the United States wants Iraq to reunite, it needs to promote negotiations among such power centers, not a stronger government in Baghdad.

One, Interconnected, Middle East Region

Dec 01, 2015
One key byproduct of the Arab Spring is the increased regionalization of political and security dynamics across the Middle East and North Africa region. As the five-year anniversary approaches, the region is awash in crosscutting and overlapping challenges from which no states are immune. Extremism is spreading, refugees proliferating, and interventionism transforming domestic conflicts into regional wars. As we gaze into the crystal ball and ponder what the next five years have in store, it will behoove us to think of the Middle East as one, interconnected system where the fates of its member states are intertwined and interdependent.

An Overview of U.S.-Mexico Border Relations

Nov 25, 2015
This essay provides an analysis of the evolution of U.S.-Mexico border relations, with a broad overview that divides the history of the relationship into five distinct periods corresponding to different modes of interaction seen in borderlands throughout the world.